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Women’s Decision Making-Ecuador

Women's Decision Making-Ecuador is a 5-item measure of the decision making power that a woman has within her own household. It asks women who in their family has the final say on decisions regarding different domains, and then enquires about disagreements and potential resolutions with respect to the said decisions. This measure has also been validated for use in Yemen and Uganda.

Categories

Geographies Tested: Ecuador

Populations Included: Female

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults

Items:

1. Who in your family usually has the final say on the decision:

  • Whether or not you should work to earn money?
  • Decisions about children’s schooling?
  • Decisions about children’s health?
  • Decisions about your own health?
  • Small daily food purchases?
  • Large food purchases?
  • Other large purchases (furniture, TV,, etc.)?
  • Whether or not to use a family planning method to avoid, limit or space children?
  • Open bank accounts, savings accounts, or take on loans?

Response Options:
Respondent - 1
Spousepartner - 2
Respondent and spousepartner jointly - 3
Someone else - 4
Respondent and someone else jointly - 5
Decision not made not applicable - 6
No response - 7

2. In the last 6 months, has there been a disagreement about this type of decision?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2

3. When the disagreement was resolved, whose opinion was taken as the final say?
4. If you would have had a disagreement, who would have had the final say?

Response Options:
Respondent - 1
Spousepartner - 2
Someone else - 3

5. In an ideal situation, who would have the final say?

Response Options:
Respondent - 1
Spousepartner - 2
Respondent and spousepartner jointly - 3
Someone else - 4
Respondent and someone else jointly - 5
Decision not made not applicable - 6
No response - 7

Scoring Procedures

Four different measures can be constructed, using raw summations over the number of domains in which (1) the woman is the sole decisionmaker, (2) the woman is a sole or joint decisionmaker, (3) the woman is the ultimate sole decisionmaker after a dispute/disagreement (actual or hypothetical), and (4) the woman’s ideal decisionmaker aligns with the actual decisionmaker.

Original Citation

Peterman, A., Schwab, B., Roy, S., Hidrobo, M., & Gilligan, D. O. (2021). Measuring women’s decisionmaking: Indicator choice and survey design experiments from cash and food transfer evaluations in Ecuador, Uganda and Yemen. World Development, 141, 105387. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105387

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Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

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