Gender Role Beliefs Scale – Short Version

The Gender Role Beliefs Scale – Short Version is a 10-item self-reported measure of individual perceptions about gender roles. It is a short version of the Gender Role Beliefs Scale (Kerr and Holden 1996). Different aspects of gender roles captured by the scale include etiquette expected of men or women, decision making power, and household gender roles.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults


  1. It is disrespectful to swear in the presence of a lady.
  2. The initiative in courtship should usually come from the man.
  3. Women should have as much sexual freedom as men. (R)
  4. Women with children should not work outside the home if they don’t have to financially.
  5. The husband should be regarded as the legal representative of the family group in all matters of law.
  6. Except perhaps in very special circumstances, a gentleman should never allow a lady to pay the taxi, buy the tickets, or pay the check.
  7. Men should continue to show courtesies to women such as holding open the door or helping them on with their coats.
  8. It is ridiculous for a woman to run a train and for a man to sew clothes.
  9. Women should be concerned with their duties of childrearing and house tending, rather than with desires for professional and business careers.
  10. Swearing and obscenity is more repulsive in the speech of a woman than a man.

Note: “R” indicates the item is reverse-coded.

Response Options:
7-point scale
Strongly agree - 1
Undecided - 4
Strongly disagree - 7

Scoring Procedures

Scores from all 10 items are summed to create a scale total that ranges from 10 (more traditional gender role beliefs) to 70 (more feminist gender role beliefs). Items marked (R) should be reverse coded.

Original Citation

Brown, M. J., & Gladstone, N. (2012). Development of a short version of the gender role beliefs scale. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 2(5), 154-158.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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