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Gender Stereotypical Traits (GST) Scale

Gender Stereotypical Traits (GST) Scale is a 7-item measure that assesses young people's perceptions about gender norms, particularly regarding traditional stereotypes of adolescents.

Categories

Geographies Tested: China,Democratic Republic of the Congo,Ecuador,Indonesia

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents

Items:

1. Boys should be raised tough so they can overcome any difficulty in life
2. Girls should avoid raising their voice to be ladylike
3. Boys should always defend themselves even if it means fighting
4. Girls are expected to be humble
5. Girls need their parents' protection more than boys
6. Boys who behave like girls are considered weak
7. It's important for boys to show they are tough even if they are nervous inside

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Disagree a lot - 1
Agree a lot - 5

Scoring Procedures

Individual responses are combined to provide a mean score, ranging from 1 to 5, with higher scores signaling perceptions of more unequal gender norms

Original Citation

Moreau, C., Li, M., Ahmed, S., Zuo, X., & Cislaghi, B. (2021). Assessing the Spectrum of Gender Norms Perceptions in Early Adolescence: A Cross-Cultural Analysis of the Global Early Adolescent Study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 69(1S), S16-S22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2021.03.010

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Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

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