Short Negative Acts Questionnaire (SNAQ)

The Short Negative Acts Questionnaire (SNAQ) is a 9-item behavioral inventory derived from the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R) and is used to determine exposure to workplace bullying. It contains items for each of the three distinguished forms of bullying; person-oriented, work-related, and social exclusion.


ITEMS:

1. Someone withholding information which affects your performance
2. Spreading gossip and rumors about you
3. Being ignored or excluded
4. Having insulting or offensive remarks made about your person, attitudes or your private live
5. Being shouted at or being a target of spontaneous rage
6. Repeated reminders of your errors or mistakes
7. Being ignored or facing a hostile reaction when you approach
8. Persistent criticism of your work and effort
9. Practical jokes carried out by people you do not get along with

Response Options:
Never
Occasionally
Monthly
Weekly or more often

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Belgium

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Not Available

PRIMARY CITATION:

Notelaers, G., Van der Heijden, B., Hoel, H., & Einarsen, S. (2018). Measuring bullying at work with the short-negative acts questionnaire: identification of targets and criterion validity. Work & Stress, 33(1), 58-75. https://doi.org/10.1080/02678373.2018.1457736

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

LOW
Total Score: 2.50/9 Points (LOW) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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