The Demographic and Health Survey Phase 8 (DHS-8): Views on Female Genital Cutting includes 4 items from the Female Genital Cutting (FGC) Module to measure both male and female views on FGC. Aspects of these items include whether the respondent has heard of FGC, whether their religion requires FGC, and their views on the continuance of the practice. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed here.
Geographies Tested: Afghanistan,Angola,Burkina Faso,Cambodia,Cameroon,Cote d'Ivoire,Ethiopia,Ghana,Guatemala,Guinea,Kenya,Madagascar,Mozambique,Myanmar (Burma),Nepal,Rwanda,Senegal,The Gambia,Zimbabwe
Populations Included: Female, Male
Age Range: Adolescents, Adults
1. Now I would like to ask some questions about a practice known as female circumcision*. Have you ever heard of female circumcision?
2. In some countries, there is a practice in which a girl may have part of her genitals cut. Have you ever heard about this practice?
3. Do you believe that female circumcision* is required by your religion?
4. Do you think that female circumcision* should be continued, or should it be stopped?
Note that in countries where FGC is widely known and widely practiced, items 1 and 2 may not be needed.
*Use local term for female circumcision.
Demographic and Health Surveys (2019). Demographic and Health Surveys: Female Genital Cutting Module. https://dhsprogram.com/publications/publication-DHSQ8-DHS-Questionnaires-and-Manuals.cfm.
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Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
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Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing