Parenting Norms and Stigma Scale

The Parenting Norms and Stigma Scale is a 20-item tool measuring norms and stigma around parenting decisions in the context of unintended pregnancy. The scale uses items on hypothetical situations of a young woman who has chosen those pregnancy decisions. Items are organized into 4 sub-scales: conditional acceptability, anticipated reactions, stereotypes and attitudes.


High Psychometric Score

ITEMS:

Conditional Acceptability
If a woman is going to keep the baby:
1. she should be in a committed relationship.*
2. she should have family support.*
3. she should have a job.*
4. she should have a stable place to live.*
5. she should have at least a high school degree.*

Response Options:
Strongly disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Neither agree nor disagree - 3
Agree - 4
Strongly agree - 5

Anticipated Reactions
If you became pregnant accidentally, and decided to keep the baby, how likely is it that the people who matter most to you would feel the following ways:
6. Would be disappointed
7. Would be happy*
8. Would be mad
9. Would understand*
10. Would be supportive*
11. Would be ashamed

Response Options:
Extremely unlikely - 1
Unlikely - 2
Neutral - 3
Likely - 4
Extremely likely - 5

Stereotypes
Women my age who keep the baby after becoming pregnant accidentally:
12. Are usually low income
13. Usually are trying to keep their man
14. Usually are not well educated
15. Usually end up on welfare

Response Options:
Strongly disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Neither agree nor disagree - 3
Agree - 4
Strongly agree - 5

Attitudes
16. In your opinion, how irresponsible is a woman your age who has the baby and raises it herself?
17. In your opinion, how mature is a woman your age who has the baby and raises it herself?*
18. In your opinion, how selfish is a woman your age who has the baby and raises it herself?
19. In your opinion, how strong is a woman your age who has the baby and raises it herself?*
20. In your opinion, how cold/heartless is a woman your age who has the baby and raises it herself?

Response Options:
Not at all - 1
A little bit - 2
Somewhat - 3
Quite - 4
Extremely - 5

*Items reverse coded during scoring

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Mean scores of sub-scales and total scale are calculated.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Rice, W. S., Turan, B., Stringer, K. L., Helova, A., White, K., Cockrill, K., & Turan, J. M. (2017). Norms and stigma regarding pregnancy decisions during an unintended pregnancy: Development and predictors of scales among young women in the U.S. South. PLoS ONE, 12(3), e0174210. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174210

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 7.00/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

You have successfully registered

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

EMERGE will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.