Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (CMAS) - Revised

Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (CMAS) - Revised is a 37 item, self-reported measure aimed at measuring a child's manifest anxiety on a continuum and aid in future studies of anxiety as well as assisting the clinician in the understanding of individual children. This measure was derived from Taylor's Children Manifest Anxiety Scale and contains two subscales- Anxiety and Lie.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Children


1. I have trouble making up my mind.
2. I get nervous when things do not go the right way for me.
3. Others seem to do things easier than I can.
4. Often I have trouble getting my breath.
5. I worry a lot of the time.
6. I am afraid of a lot of things.
7. I get mad easily.
8. I worry about what my parents will say to me.
9. I feel that others do not like the way I do things.
10. It is hard for me to get to sleep at night.
11. I worry about what other people think about me.
12. I feel alone even when there are people with me.
13. Often I feel sick in my stomach.
14. My feelings get hurt easily.
15. My hands feel sweaty.
16. I am tired a lot.
17. I worry about what is going to happen.
18. Other children are happier than I.
19. I have bad dreams.
20. My feelings get hurt easily when I am fussed at.
21. I feel someone will tell me I do things the wrong way.
22. I wake up scared some of the time.
23. I worry when I go to bed at night.
24. It is hard for me to keep my mind on my schoolwork.
25. I wiggle in my seat a lot.
26. I am nervous.
27. A lot of people are against me.
28. I often worry about something bad happening to me.

29. I like everyone I know.
30. I am always kind.
31. I always have good manners.
32. I am always good.
33. I am always nice to everyone.
34. I tell the truth every single time.
35. I never get angry.
36. I never say things I shouldn't.
37. I never lie

Response Options:

Scoring Procedures

The total subscale score is calculated as a mean of all items under either Anxiety or Lie.

Original Citation

Reynolds, C. R., & Richmond, B. O. (1978). What I think and feel: A revised measure of children’s manifest anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 6(2), 271-280.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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