The Women's Agency Scale (WAS) is a 9-item multidimensional measure of Egyptian women's agency or ability to define and act upon goals. Agency is assessed in terms of one's influence in family decisions (e.g., seeking medical treatment) and freedom of movement in public spaces (e.g., going to a friends' home).
Who in your family usually has the final say on the following decisions?
1. Making large household purchases
2. Making household purchases for daily needs
3. Visits to friends, family or other relatives
4. What food should be cooked each day
5. Getting medical treatment or advice for yourself
6. Buying clothes for herself
Someone else (includes husband, in-laws, or others)
Respondent and someone else
Are you allowed to go to the following places...?
7. Local health center or doctor
8. Local health center or doctor (taking children)
9. Home of relatives or friends in the neighborhood
Cannot go alone
Just inform them
Cheong, Y. F., Yount, K. M., & Crandall, A. A. (2017). Longitudinal measurement invariance of the Women’s Agency Scale. Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique, 134(1), 24-36. https://doi.org/10.1177/0759106317693787
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing
Measure came from a peer-reviewed journal with a low impact score and/or inadequate information on psychometrics, but is an under-represented gender equality and empowerment construct