Multidimensional Aversion to Women Who Work Scale (MAWWWS)- Short Form

Multidimensional Aversion to Women Who Work Scale (MAWWWS)- Short Form is a 5-item scale that aims to understand attitudes towards women who work through two subscales: Employment Skepticism and Traditional Roles Preference. This measure is an adapted version of the 10-item MAWWWS found here.


Short Measure

ITEMS:

Employment Skepticism
1. Women lack the skills and abilities needed at work
2. Women are not suited for work outside of the home
3. I am skeptical about women’s effectiveness in the workplace

Traditional Roles Preference
4. Traditional husbandwife roles are the best
5. Women are happier in traditional roles

Response Options:
4- point Likert Scale
Strongly disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Agree - 3
Strongly Agree - 4

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents

Scoring Procedures:

Item scores are averaged to create the total score from 1-4. Higher scores imply more traditional gender attitudes.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Valentine, S. (2003). Confirmatory examination of the Multidimensional Aversion to Women Who Work Scale. Psychological Reports, 92, 757-762. https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.2003.92.3.757

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 4.00/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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