Harassment and Control by Electronic Tools (HCE-2) is a 2-item measure of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the form of perceptions of harassment and control via means such as calls, texts and emails. This tool was validated among a group of young adult females in Spain who had a partner or contact with a former partner of the opposite sex within the past year.
Geographies Tested: Spain
Populations Included: Female
Age Range: Adults
1. Have you felt harassedoverwhelmed by text messages or emails that he sendshas sent you?
2. Have you felt overwhelmed because he controlled calls or messages on your cell phone or email?
Never - 0
Rarely - 0
Sometimes - 1
Often - 1
Constantlyalwayssystematically - 1
Item scores are summed. A positive case of cyber harassment is a score of 1 or greater.
Garcia, L. H., Castaneda, M. P., Lozano, L. L., Alcaide, M. P., Gavin, M. O., & Grande, A. G. (2021). Validation of a cyberbullying questionnaire as a screening tool for other forms of intimate-partner violence towards young women. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 1639. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11646-3
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing