Entitlement Attitudes Questionnaire (EAQ)

The Entitlement Attitudes Questionnaire (EAQ) is a 15-item measure designed to measure perceived deservingness across a variety of cultures, where the conceptualization of entitlements is subject to variability. Items are made up of three sub-scales: Active Entitlement, Passive Entitlement and Revenge Entitlement.


Multi-Country

ITEMS:

Active Entitlement
1. It is necessary to claim what you deserve
2. People should always demand what they deserve
3. I often demand to be treated properly
4. I deserve the best
5. If I get less than I deserve, I speak out about it
Passive Entitlement
6. Everybody has the right to expect help from the state when in need
7. Disadvantaged persons deserve institutional help
8. The state should take care of the livelihood of the poorest
9. The government has a duty to ensure decent living conditions for people
10. It is the duty of the state to care for all citizens
Revenge Entitlement
11. I have difficulty forgiving harm done to me
12. I don't forgive the wrongs I have suffered
13. Someone who hurts me cannot count on my sympathy
14. I remember harm that has been done to me for a long time
15. "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" is a fair rule

Response Options:
6-point scale
Strongly disagree - 1
Strongly agree - 6

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Algeria
Armenia
Belgium
Bulgaria
Colombia
Czech Republic
Estonia
Georgia
Germany
Hungary
India
Italy
Kazakhstan
Latvia
Malaysia
Mexico
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Spain
Ukraine
United States of America
Uruguay
Vietnam

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

The mean of the sub-scales and total scale is calculated.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Zemojtel-Piotrowska, M. A., Piotrowski, J. P., Cieciuch, J., Calogero, R. M., Hiel, A. V., Argentero, P., Baltatescu, S., Baran, T., Bardhwaj, G., Bukowski, M., Chargazia, M., Clinton, A., Halik, M. H. J., Ilisko, D., Khachatryan, N., Klicperova-Baker, M., Kostal, J., Kovacs, M., Letovancova, E… Wills-Herrera, E. (2015). Measurement of psychological entitlement in 28 countries. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 33(3), 207-217. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000286

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 4.00/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

MEDIUM

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

You have successfully registered

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

EMERGE will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.