Entitlement Attitudes Questionnaire (EAQ)

The Entitlement Attitudes Questionnaire (EAQ) is a 15-item measure designed to measure perceived deservingness across a variety of cultures, where the conceptualization of entitlements is subject to variability. Items are made up of three sub-scales: Active Entitlement, Passive Entitlement and Revenge Entitlement.


Geographies Tested: Algeria,Armenia,Belgium,Bulgaria,Colombia,Czech Republic,Estonia,Georgia,Germany,Hungary,India,Italy,Kazakhstan,Latvia,Malaysia,Mexico,Netherlands,Norway,Poland,Portugal,Romania,Slovakia,Spain,Ukraine,United States of America,Uruguay,Vietnam

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


Active Entitlement
1. It is necessary to claim what you deserve
2. People should always demand what they deserve
3. I often demand to be treated properly
4. I deserve the best
5. If I get less than I deserve, I speak out about it
Passive Entitlement
6. Everybody has the right to expect help from the state when in need
7. Disadvantaged persons deserve institutional help
8. The state should take care of the livelihood of the poorest
9. The government has a duty to ensure decent living conditions for people
10. It is the duty of the state to care for all citizens
Revenge Entitlement
11. I have difficulty forgiving harm done to me
12. I don't forgive the wrongs I have suffered
13. Someone who hurts me cannot count on my sympathy
14. I remember harm that has been done to me for a long time
15. "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" is a fair rule

Response Options:
6-point scale
Strongly disagree - 1
Strongly agree - 6

Scoring Procedures

The mean of the sub-scales and total scale is calculated.

Original Citation

Zemojtel-Piotrowska, M. A., Piotrowski, J. P., Cieciuch, J., Calogero, R. M., Hiel, A. V., Argentero, P., Baltatescu, S., Baran, T., Bardhwaj, G., Bukowski, M., Chargazia, M., Clinton, A., Halik, M. H. J., Ilisko, D., Khachatryan, N., Klicperova-Baker, M., Kostal, J., Kovacs, M., Letovancova, E… Wills-Herrera, E. (2015). Measurement of psychological entitlement in 28 countries. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 33(3), 207-217.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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