Male Role Attitude Scale (MRAS)

The Male Role Attitude Scale (MRAS) is an 8-item measure of attitudes regarding traditional male gender roles. Items in the scale include the importance of men to demonstrate physical strength, respect from others and domestic duties.


ITEMS:

1. It is essential for a guy to get respect from others.
2. A man always deserves the respect of his wife and children.
3. I admire a guy who is totally sure of himself.
4. A guy will lose respect if he talks about his problems.
5. A young man should be physically tough, even if he's not big.
6. It bothers me when a guy acts like a girl.
7. I don't think a husband should have to do housework.
8. Men are always ready for sex.

Response Options:
Disagree a lot - 1
Disagree a little - 2
Agree a little - 3
Agree a lot - 4

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Item scores are averaged to create the total scale score. Higher score indicate more traditional attitudes about masculinity.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Pleck, J. H., Sonenstein, F. L., & Ku, L. C. (1994). Attitudes toward male roles among adolescent males: A discriminant validity analysis. Sex Roles, 30(7/8), 481-501. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01420798

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 3.50/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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