The Male Role Attitude Scale (MRAS) is an 8-item measure of attitudes regarding traditional male gender roles. Items in the scale include the importance of men to demonstrate physical strength, respect from others and domestic duties.
Geographies Tested: United States of America
Populations Included: Male
Age Range: Adolescents
1. It is essential for a guy to get respect from others.
2. A man always deserves the respect of his wife and children.
3. I admire a guy who is totally sure of himself.
4. A guy will lose respect if he talks about his problems.
5. A young man should be physically tough, even if he's not big.
6. It bothers me when a guy acts like a girl.
7. I don't think a husband should have to do housework.
8. Men are always ready for sex.
Disagree a lot - 1
Disagree a little - 2
Agree a little - 3
Agree a lot - 4
Item scores are averaged to create the total scale score. Higher score indicate more traditional attitudes about masculinity.
Pleck, J. H., Sonenstein, F. L., & Ku, L. C. (1994). Attitudes toward male roles among adolescent males: A discriminant validity analysis. Sex Roles, 30(7/8), 481-501. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01420798
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing