Transgender Congruence Scale (TCS)

The Transgender Congruence Scale (TCS) includes 12 items that capture the degree to which a transgender individual feels comfortable and genuine about their gender identity and appearance. There are two subscales of TCS: Appearance Congruence and Gender Identity Acceptance.


High Psychometric Score Multi-Country

ITEMS:

Appearance Congruence

  1. My outward appearance represents my gender identity.
  2. I experience a sense of unity between my gender identity and my body.
  3. My physical appearance adequately expresses my gender identity.
  4. I am generally comfortable with how others perceive my gender identity when they look at me.
  5. My physical body represents my gender identity.
  6. The way my body currently looks does not represent my gender identity.*
  7. I am happy with the way my appearance expresses my gender identity.
  8. I do not feel that my appearance reflects my gender identity.*
  9. I feel that my mind and body are consistent with one another.

Gender Identity Acceptance
10. I am not proud of my gender identity.*
11. I am happy that I have the gender identity that I do.
12. I have accepted my gender identity.
* Items are reverse scored

Response Options Strongly Disagree - 1
Somewhat Disagree - 2
Neither Agree nor Disagree - 3
Somewhat Agree - 4
Strongly Agree - 5

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Canada
United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male
Transgender
Other

AGE RANGE:
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Items are averaged to create a scale. Item #6, 8, and 10 are reverse coded. Higher scores indicate higher levels of congruency between an individual's appearance and gender identity.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Kozee, H. B., Tylka, T. L., & Bauerband, L. A. (2012). Measuring transgender individuals’ comfort with gender identity and appearance. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 36(2), 179-196. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361684312442161

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 7.00/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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