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Everyday Discrimination Scale - South Africa

Everyday Discrimination Scale - South Africa is a 10-item measure of lifetime occurrence of acute racial and non-racial discrimination. This measure was adapted from the 9-item Everyday Discrimination measure (Williams, 1997) that was validated in the United States.

Categories

Geographies Tested: South Africa

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults

Items:

1. Treated with less courtesy
2. Treated with less respect
3. Received poor service
4. People act as if you are not smart
5. People act as if they're afraid of you
6. People act as if you are dishonest
7. People act as if they are better than you
8. You are called names
9. You are threatened
10. You are followed around in stores

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Almost every day - 1
Never - 5

Scoring Procedures

The ten items are summed to create a racial and non-racial everyday discrimination scale.

Original Citation

Williams, D. R., Gonzalez, H. M., Williams, S., Mohammed, S. A., Moomal, H., & Stein, D. J. (2008). Perceived discrimination, race and health in South Africa. Social Science and Medicine, 67(3), 441-452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.03.021

Psychometric Score

Citation Frequency

Ease of Use Score

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

Reliability

Internal

Test-retest

Interrater

Validity

Content

Face

Criterion (gold-standard)

Construct

Ease of Use

Readability

Scoring Clarity

Length

KEY