Everyday Discrimination Scale - South Africa

Everyday Discrimination Scale - South Africa is a 10-item measure of lifetime occurrence of acute racial and non-racial discrimination. This measure was adapted from the 9-item Everyday Discrimination measure (Williams, 1997) that was validated in the United States.


ITEMS:

1. Treated with less courtesy
2. Treated with less respect
3. Received poor service
4. People act as if you are not smart
5. People act as if they're afraid of you
6. People act as if you are dishonest
7. People act as if they are better than you
8. You are called names
9. You are threatened
10. You are followed around in stores

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Almost every day - 1
Never - 5

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

South Africa

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adults

Scoring Procedures:

The ten items are summed to create a racial and non-racial everyday discrimination scale.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Williams, D. R., Gonzalez, H. M., Williams, S., Mohammed, S. A., Moomal, H., & Stein, D. J. (2008). Perceived discrimination, race and health in South Africa. Social Science and Medicine, 67(3), 441-452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.03.021

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 4.00/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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