Female Sex Worker (FSW): Collective Efficacy measure uses 4 items to assess the belief of FSWs in their power to work together to bring positive changes.
Short Measure Warning Flag
How confident are you that FSWs in your community can work together to achieve the following goals:
1. Keep each other safe from harm?
2. Increase condom use with clients?
3. Speak up for your rights?
4. Improve your lives?
Not at all - 1
Somewhat - 2
Very - 3
Completely confident - 4
Item values are summed and index values range from 0 to 4. The index score is further divided into three equal categories of collective efficacy: low (1-1.999), medium (2-2.999) and high (3-4). The higher the score, the higher is the degree of confidence in collective efficacy to achieve specific goals.
Saggurti, N., Mishra, R. M., Proddutoor, L., Tucker, S., Kovvali, D., Parimi, P., & Wheeler, T. (2013). Community collectivization and its association with consistent condom use and STI treatment-seeking behaviors among female sex workers and high-risk men who have sex with men/transgenders in Andhra Pradesh, India. AIDS care, 25(sup1), S55-S66. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2012.749334
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing
Measure came from a peer-reviewed journal with a low impact score and/or inadequate information on psychometrics, but is an under-represented gender equality and empowerment construct