Favorable Education Descriptive Norm

Favorable Education Descriptive Norm is a 7-item measure of descriptive norms related to adolescent girls' education. The measure asks respondents for reasons why adolescent girls in the community are absent from school, why they attend school and other educational habits as compared to boys.


ITEMS:

Most adolescent girls:
1. Are absent from school to do household chores
2. Who go to school engage in premarital sex
3. Are less attentive in their education than boys
4. Drop out of school once they get married
5. Negotiate financial support for their school needs
6. Earn income and provide for the family, instead of going to school
7. Earn an income to cover their school needs

Response Options:
Do not know - 0
Strongly unfavorable response - 1
Unfavorable response - 2
Favorable response - 3
Strongly favorable response - 4

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Ethiopia

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

All responses are summed to calculate a final score between 0 and 28.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Berhane, Y., Worku, A., Tewahido, D., Fasil, N., Gulema, H., Tadesse, A. W., & Abdelmenan, S. (2019). Adolescent girls' agency significantly correlates with favorable social norms in Ethiopia-Implications for improving sexual and reproductive health of young adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(4S), S52-S59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.12.018

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 5.00/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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