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Favorable Education Descriptive Norm

Favorable Education Descriptive Norm is a 7-item measure of descriptive norms related to adolescent girls' education. The measure asks respondents for reasons why adolescent girls in the community are absent from school, why they attend school and other educational habits as compared to boys.

Categories

Geographies Tested: Ethiopia

Populations Included: Female

Age Range: Adolescents

Items:

Most adolescent girls:
1. Are absent from school to do household chores
2. Who go to school engage in premarital sex
3. Are less attentive in their education than boys
4. Drop out of school once they get married
5. Negotiate financial support for their school needs
6. Earn income and provide for the family, instead of going to school
7. Earn an income to cover their school needs

Response Options:
Do not know - 0
Strongly unfavorable response - 1
Unfavorable response - 2
Favorable response - 3
Strongly favorable response - 4

Scoring Procedures

All responses are summed to calculate a final score between 0 and 28.

Original Citation

Berhane, Y., Worku, A., Tewahido, D., Fasil, N., Gulema, H., Tadesse, A. W., & Abdelmenan, S. (2019). Adolescent girls' agency significantly correlates with favorable social norms in Ethiopia-Implications for improving sexual and reproductive health of young adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(4S), S52-S59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.12.018

Psychometric Score

Citation Frequency

Ease of Use Score

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

Reliability

Internal

Test-retest

Interrater

Validity

Content

Face

Criterion (gold-standard)

Construct

Ease of Use

Readability

Scoring Clarity

Length

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