Favorable Nutrition Descriptive Norm

Favorable Nutrition Descriptive Norm is a 12-item measure of descriptive norms related to adolescent girls' food habits. The measure examines the respondents' perceptions regarding food habits of adolescent girls (e.g., girls eat the same amount of food as their male siblings, girls eat after boys eat etc.) in the community.


ITEMS:

Most adolescent girls in the community:
1. Eat the same amount of food as their male siblings or husbands
2. Eat after adolescent boys eat
3. Eat after everybody in the family eats
4. Eat the same quality of food as their male siblings
5. Usually eat together with their husbands
6. Eat the same type of food/ quality of food as their husbands’
7. Eat as frequently as boys of the same age
8. Often eat less amount of food than everybody in the family during times of food shortage or drought
9. Usually eat before their male siblings or husbands
10. Usually eat before everybody in the family eats
11. Usually eat after everybody in the family eats
12. Most pregnant women usually eat before everybody in the family

Response Options:
Do not know - 0
Strongly unfavorable response - 1
Unfavorable response - 2
Favorable response - 3
Strongly favorable response - 4

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Ethiopia

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

All responses are summed to calculate a final score between 0 and 48.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Berhane, Y., Worku, A., Tewahido, D., Fasil, N., Gulema, H., Tadesse, A. W., & Abdelmenan, S. (2019). Adolescent girls' agency significantly correlates with favorable social norms in Ethiopia-Implications for improving sexual and reproductive health of young adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(4S), S52-S59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.12.018

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 5.00/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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