MENU

Favorable Nutrition Descriptive Norm

Favorable Nutrition Descriptive Norm is a 12-item measure of descriptive norms related to adolescent girls' food habits. The measure examines the respondents' perceptions regarding food habits of adolescent girls (e.g., girls eat the same amount of food as their male siblings, girls eat after boys eat etc.) in the community.

Categories

Geographies Tested: Ethiopia

Populations Included: Female

Age Range: Adolescents

Items:

Most adolescent girls in the community:
1. Eat the same amount of food as their male siblings or husbands
2. Eat after adolescent boys eat
3. Eat after everybody in the family eats
4. Eat the same quality of food as their male siblings
5. Usually eat together with their husbands
6. Eat the same type of food quality of food as their husbands’
7. Eat as frequently as boys of the same age
8. Often eat less amount of food than everybody in the family during times of food shortage or drought
9. Usually eat before their male siblings or husbands
10. Usually eat before everybody in the family eats
11. Usually eat after everybody in the family eats
12. Most pregnant women usually eat before everybody in the family

Response Options:
Do not know - 0
Strongly unfavorable response - 1
Unfavorable response - 2
Favorable response - 3
Strongly favorable response - 4

Scoring Procedures

All responses are summed to calculate a final score between 0 and 48.

Original Citation

Berhane, Y., Worku, A., Tewahido, D., Fasil, N., Gulema, H., Tadesse, A. W., & Abdelmenan, S. (2019). Adolescent girls' agency significantly correlates with favorable social norms in Ethiopia-Implications for improving sexual and reproductive health of young adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(4S), S52-S59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.12.018

Psychometric Score

Citation Frequency

Ease of Use Score

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

Reliability

Internal

Test-retest

Interrater

Validity

Content

Face

Criterion (gold-standard)

Construct

Ease of Use

Readability

Scoring Clarity

Length

KEY