Favorable Nutrition Injunctive Norm

Favorable Nutrition Injunctive Norm is a 10-item measure of injunctive norms related to adolescent girls' food habits. The measure examines the respondents' perceptions regarding expectations of community members, for food habits of adolescent girls (e.g., girls should eat the same amount of food as their male siblings, girls should eat after boys eat etc.).


Geographies Tested: Ethiopia

Populations Included: Female

Age Range: Adolescents


Community members expect adolescent girls:
1. To eat the same amount of food as their male siblings or husbands
2. To eat at the same time as their brothers
3. To have the same quality of food as everybody in the family
4. To eat at the same time with their husbands
5. To eat the same type of food as their husband
6. To eat as frequently as adolescent boys
7. To consume less amount of food than everybody in the family during times of food shortage or drought
8. To eat before everybody in the family during pregnancy
9. To eat before everybody in the family eats
10. To eat after everybody in the family eats

Response Options:
Do not know - 0
Strongly unfavorable response - 1
Unfavorable response - 2
Favorable response - 3
Strongly favorable response - 4

Scoring Procedures

All responses are summed to calculate a final score between 0 and 40.

Original Citation

Berhane, Y., Worku, A., Tewahido, D., Fasil, N., Gulema, H., Tadesse, A. W., & Abdelmenan, S. (2019). Adolescent girls' agency significantly correlates with favorable social norms in Ethiopia-Implications for improving sexual and reproductive health of young adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(4S), S52-S59.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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