Psychological Vulnerability Scale (PVS)

The Psychological Vulnerability Scale (PVS) is a 6-item measure designed to identify individuals with cognitive patterns that render them more susceptible to stress. Items assessed by this scale capture the dependence on achievement or external sources of affirmation for one’s sense of self-worth.


High Psychometric Score

ITEMS:

Consider how well the following statements describe your behavior and actions on a scale from 1 to 5. Please put an X through the number that best reflects your behavior.

1. If I don’t achieve my goals, I feel like a failure as a person.
2. I feel entitled to better treatment from others than I generally receive.
3. I am frequently aware of feeling inferior to other people.
4. I need approval from others to feel good about myself.
5. I tend to set my goals too high and become frustrated trying to reach them.
6. I often feel resentful when others take advantage of me or ignore my feelings.

Response Options:
Does not describe me at all - 1
Not labeled - 2
Not labeled - 3
Not labeled - 4
Describes me very well - 5

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

A mean score of the items is calculated. All items in the scale are positive, indicating greater levels of psychological vulnerability with higher scores.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Sinclair, V. G., & Wallston, K. A. (1999). The development and validation of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 23(2), 119-129. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018770926615.

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-Retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 5.50/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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