The Indicators of Women's Condom Use: Cultural Norms is a 4-item measure of the extent to which respondents conform to social and gender norms concerning decision making, sex, and condom use.
1. Does your partner make the final decisions?
2. Do you think the purpose of sex is to please the man?
3. Is it worse for a woman to have sex with many men than it is for a man to have sex with many women?
4. Should men provide condoms?
I think so
I don't think so
Items were recoded into percentage rankings.
Greig, F. E., & Koopman, C. (2003). Multilevel analysis of women's empowerment and HIV prevention: Quantitative survey results from a preliminary study in Botswana. AIDS and Behavior, 7(2), 195-208. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1023954526639
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing