The Women's Indicators of Condom Use: Abuse is a 2-item measure of a respondent's tendency to engage in sexual experiences as a result of physical or verbal abuse.
1. Do you sometimes end up having sex with your partner because of verbal abuse such
as threats, arguing, or shouting?
2. Do you sometimes end up having sex with your partner because of physical abuse such as twisting your arm, holding you down, hitting?
I think so
I don't think so
Items were recoded into percentage rankings.
Greig, F. E., & Koopman, C. (2003). Multilevel analysis of women's empowerment and HIV prevention: Quantitative survey results from a preliminary study in Botswana. AIDS and Behavior, 7(2), 195-208. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1023954526639
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing