The Perception of Other’s Approval Index is a 2-item measure that captures respondents' perceptions of wheter people around them approve of family planning practices.
Short Measure Multi-Country Warning Flag
1. I think that most of my friends in this community would approve of couples using family planning to avoid or delay a pregnancy.
2. I think that my spouse would approve of couples using family planning to avoid or delay a pregnancy.
Agree - 1
Disagree - 0
Items were summed to get the overall score.
Dynes, M., Stephenson, R., Rubardt, M., & Bartel, D. (2012). The influence of perceptions of community norms on current contraceptive use among men and women in Ethiopia and Kenya. Health & Place, 18(4), 766-773. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.04.006
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing
Measure came from a peer-reviewed journal with a low impact score and/or inadequate information on psychometrics, but is an under-represented gender equality and empowerment construct