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Perception of Other’s Approval Index

The Perception of Other’s Approval Index is a 2-item measure that captures respondents' perceptions of wheter people around them approve of family planning practices.

Categories

Geographies Tested: Ethiopia,Kenya

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults

Items:

1. I think that most of my friends in this community would approve of couples using family planning to avoid or delay a pregnancy.
2. I think that my spouse would approve of couples using family planning to avoid or delay a pregnancy.

Response Options:
Agree - 1
Disagree - 0

Scoring Procedures

Items were summed to get the overall score.

Original Citation

Dynes, M., Stephenson, R., Rubardt, M., & Bartel, D. (2012). The influence of perceptions of community norms on current contraceptive use among men and women in Ethiopia and Kenya. Health & Place, 18(4), 766-773. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.04.006

Psychometric Score

Citation Frequency

Ease of Use Score

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

Reliability

Internal

Test-retest

Interrater

Validity

Content

Face

Criterion (gold-standard)

Construct

Ease of Use

Readability

Scoring Clarity

Length

KEY