Perception of Other’s Approval Index

The Perception of Other’s Approval Index is a 2-item measure that captures respondents' perceptions of wheter people around them approve of family planning practices.


Short Measure Multi-Country Warning Flag

ITEMS:

1. I think that most of my friends in this community would approve of couples using family planning to avoid or delay a pregnancy.
2. I think that my spouse would approve of couples using family planning to avoid or delay a pregnancy.

Response Options:
Agree - 1
Disagree - 0

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Ethiopia
Kenya

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adults

Scoring Procedures:

Items were summed to get the overall score.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Dynes, M., Stephenson, R., Rubardt, M., & Bartel, D. (2012). The influence of perceptions of community norms on current contraceptive use among men and women in Ethiopia and Kenya. Health & Place, 18(4), 766-773. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.04.006

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 3.50/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

Measure came from a peer-reviewed journal with a low impact score and/or inadequate information on psychometrics, but is an under-represented gender equality and empowerment construct

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