Ambivalence Toward Men Inventory (AMI) - Short Form

The Ambivalence Toward Men Inventory (AMI) - Short Form is a shortened, 12-item adaptation of the 20-item AMI found here. The measure contains two subscales: hostility toward men (HM), and benevolence toward men (BM). HM expresses hostility toward male dominance, cultural attitudes that portray men as superior, and the ways in which men exert control within intimate relationships. BM represents subjectively positive attitudes toward men rooted in traditional admiration for men’s role as protectors and providers.


Geographies Tested: Italy

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


Benevolence toward Men
1. Men are more willing to put themselves in danger to protect others
2. Men are more willing to take risks than women
3. Even if both members of a couple work, the woman ought to be more attentive to taking care of her man at home
4. Every woman needs a male partner who will cherish her
5. Men are mainly useful to provide financial security for women
6. A woman will never be truly fulfilled in life if she doesn’t have a committed, long-term relationship with a man

Hostility toward Men
7. Men will always fight to have greater control in society than women
8. When it comes down to it, most men are really like children
9. Men act like babies when they are sick
10. Even men who claim to be sensitive to women’s rights really want a traditional relationship at home, with the woman performing most of the housekeeping and child care
11. When men act to “help” women, they are often trying to prove they are better than women
12. Most men sexually harass women, even if only in subtle ways, once they are in a position of power over them

Response Options:
Disagree strongly - 0
Disagree somewhat - 1
Disagree slightly - 2
Agree slightly - 3
Agree somewhat - 4
Agree strongly - 5

Scoring Procedures

Items are averaged to create a total scale score or individually by the two subscales. Higher scores indicate greater hostility and benevolence toward men.

Original Citation

Rollero, C., Glick, P., & Tartaglia, S. (2014). Psychometric properties of short versions of the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory and Ambivalence Toward Men Inventory. TPM-Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 21(2), 149-159.

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Qualitative Research

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Field Expert Input

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