Adolescents’ Attitudes to Gender Roles

The Adolescents’ Attitudes to Gender Roles is a 10-item measure of adolescent respondents’ views about the gender division of roles in the family, in social resources allocation, and in sexual relations.


Geographies Tested: China,Taiwan,Vietnam

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


1. A woman should follow her husband no matter what his lot
2. It is acceptable for a husband to beat his wife in some situations
3. A woman should not be the first to show a man she likes him
4. A household should be headed by a man
5. Children suffer when mothers work away from home
6. In general, boys should get more schooling than girls
7. When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women
8. Women should have the same opportunities as men to leadership positions*
9. Husbands should share childcare and housework responsibilities equally with their wives*
10. Women should tell their partnershusbands what they like or do not like to do during sex*

Response Options:
Disagreement – 0
No opinion – 1
Agreement - 2

*Items are reverse scored

Scoring Procedures

Responses are summed to form the index with a maximum score of 20. The higher the score, the more traditional the adolescent’s values and the less egalitarian the gender roles he/she held.

Original Citation

Zuo, X., Lou, C., Gao, E., Cheng, Y., Niu, H., & Zabin, L. S. (2012). Gender differences in adolescent premarital sexual permissiveness in three Asian cities: Effects of gender-role attitudes. Journal of Adolescent Health, 50(3 Suppl), S18-25.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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