Gender Norms Regarding Contraception uses 17 items consisting of the following two gender-equitable attitudes: attitudes towards couples’ family planning decisions (9 items) and attitudes towards family planning self-efficacy (8 items). Items are based on the Theory of Gender and Power (Connell, 1987) and have been used to examine the association between changes in gender norms and modern contraceptive use over time.
The dichotomized responses are summed to scores ranging from 0 to 9. The higher the score, the more gender-equitable the attitudes towards couples’ family planning decisions are.
The dichotomized responses are summed to scores ranging from 0 to 8 with increasing score reflecting increasing family planning self-efficacy.
Okigbo, C. C., Speizer, I. S., Domino, M. E., Curtis, S. L., Halpern, C. T., & Fotso, J. C. (2018). Gender norms and modern contraceptive use in urban Nigeria: a multilevel longitudinal study. BMC Womens Health, 18(1), 178. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-018-0664-3