Gender Role Attitudes

Gender Role Attitudes is an 11-item measure taken from the Family and Changing Gender Roles IV-module from the International Social Survey Program (ISSP) 2012. The measure captures societal attitudes on gender roles and parenthood.


Multi-Country Warning Flag

ITEMS:

1. A working mother can establish just as warm and secure a relationship with her children as a mother who does not work
2. A pre-school child is likely to suffer if his or her mother works
3. All in all, family life suffers when the woman has a full-time job
4. A job is all right, but what most women really want is a home and children
5. Being a housewife is just as fulfilling as working for pay
6. Both the man and woman should contribute to the household income
7. A man’s job is to earn money; a woman’s job is to look after the home and family

Response Options:
Strongly agree
Agree
Neither agree nor disagree
Disagree
Strongly disagree

8. Do you think that women should work outside the home full-time, part-time or not at all under the following circumstances? After the youngest child starts school
9. Do you think that women should work outside the home full-time, part-time or not at all under the following circumstances? When there is a child under school age

Response Options:
No
Yes

10. Consider a couple who both work full-time and now have a new born child. […] if both are in a similar work situation and are eligible for paid leave, how should this paid leave period be divided between the mother and the father? (This item was only presented to respondents who previously stated that there should be paid parental leave)

Response Options:
Entire leave/mother: most of the leave;
father: some/both half/father: most of the leave;
mother: some/father: entire leave

11. Consider a family with a child under School age. What, in your opinion, is the best way for them to organize their family and work life?

Response Options:
Mother home;
Father works full-time/mother works part-time;
Father works full-time/both work full-time or both work part-time/father works part-time;
Mother works full-time/father home;
Mother works full-time

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
China
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Hungary
Iceland
India
Ireland
Israel
Japan
Korea
South
Latvia
Lithuania
Mexico
Netherlands
Norway
Philippines
Poland
Russia
Slovakia
Slovenia
South Africa
Sweden
Switzerland
Taiwan
United Kingdom
United States of America
Venezuela

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Not Available

PRIMARY CITATION:

Hudde, A. (2018). Societal agreement on gender role attitudes and childlessness in 38 countries. European Journal of Population, 34(5), 745-767. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10680-017-9459-8

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 3.50/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

Measure came from a peer-reviewed journal with a low impact score and/or inadequate information on psychometrics, but is an under-represented gender equality and empowerment construct

You have successfully registered

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

EMERGE will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.