Global Early Adolescent Study: Attitudes and Perceptions towards Pregnancy

The Vignette-Based Attitudes and Perceptions towards Pregnancy Measure is taken from the Global Early Adolescent Study (GEAS). This measure consists of 14 items that are adjusted in 2 different versions - with 7 items each for males and females. It assesses participant’s behavioral attitudes and gender perceptions by asking them to respond to specific scenarios regarding pregnancy and related circumstances. The Global Early Adolescent Study is a multi-country study focused on elucidating the factors that promote sexual and reproductive health and risk factors associated with poor outcomes among early adolescents.

Multi-Country

ITEMS:

Female Version

Items 1-3 are preceded by the following vignette text:

"P is 15 years old and in 9th grade [or appropriate grade per site]. Her boyfriend, A, is also 15 years old. Recently, P realized that she is pregnant and told A that he had made her pregnant. The next day, P’s best friend notices that she is not herself and asks her what the problem is.”

1. How do you think P is feeling? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Confused
Scared
Happy
Proud
Angry
Sad
Refuse to answer

2. How do you think P will react when she realizes she is pregnant? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Do nothing and hope it will just go away
Accept the pregnancy but refuse any further involvement with A
Accept the pregnancy since she is happy to have a baby with A
Refuse to carry the pregnancy and try to stop it somehow
Refuse to answer

3. How do you think you would react if you were in P’s situation? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Do nothing and hope it will just go away
Accept the pregnancy but refuse any further involvement with A
Accept the pregnancy since I would be happy to have a baby with A
Refuse to carry the pregnancy and try to stop it somehow
Refuse to answer

Item 4 is preceded by the following vignette text:

“P tells her friend that she is pregnant and that A has caused the pregnancy.”

4. What does P’s friend advise her to do? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Run away from home
Have the baby and raise it
Have the baby and give it up for adoption
Talk with A and make a decision together
Get an abortion
Do whatever A decides
Refuse to answer

Item 5 is preceded by the following vignette text:

“P’s younger sister finds out from P’s friend that she is pregnant and tells their parents.”

5. How will P’s parents react when they find out that their daughter is pregnant? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Kick P out of the house
Say that they will find the money for A to have an abortion
Say they will force P to marry A as soon as possible
Say they will take care of the baby no matter what P decides to do with A
Refuse to answer

6. What do you think P should do with her pregnancy? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Continue the pregnancy and keep the baby
End her relationship with A and continue the pregnancy alone
Ask A for help getting money for an abortion, but deal with it alone
Ask A to accompany her to have the abortion
Refuse to answer

7. What do you think your friends would do if they ever were in this kind of situation? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Continue the pregnancy and keep the baby
End the relationship with A and continue the pregnancy alone
Ask A for help getting money for an abortion, but deal with it alone
Ask A to accompany them to have the abortion
Refuse to answer

Male Version

Items 8-10 are preceded by the following vignette text:

“P is 15 years old and in 9th grade [or appropriate grade per site]. His girlfriend, A, is also 15 years old. Recently, A realized that she is pregnant and told A that he had made her pregnant. The next day, P’s best friend notices that he is not himself and asks him what the problem is.”

8. How do you think P is feeling? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Confused
Scared
Happy
Proud
Angry
Sad
Refuse to answer

9. How do you think P will react when he realizes A is pregnant? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Do nothing and hope it will just go away
Accept the pregnancy but refuse any further involvement with A
Accept the pregnancy since he is happy to have a baby with A
Tell A not to continue the pregnancy and try to stop it somehow
Refuse to answer

10. How do you think you would react if you were in P’s situation? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Do nothing and hope it will just go away
Accept the pregnancy but refuse any further involvement with A
Accept the pregnancy since I would be happy to have a baby with A
Refuse to carry the pregnancy and try to stop it somehow
Refuse to answer

Item 11 is preceded by the following vignette text:

“P tells his friend that A is pregnant and that he has caused the pregnancy.”

11. What does P’s friend advise him to do? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Run away from home
Encourage A to have the baby and raise it
Encourage A to have the baby and give it up for adoption
Talk with A and make a decision together
Encourage A to get an abortion
Do whatever A decides
Refuse to answer

Item 12 is preceded by the following vignette text:

“P’s younger sister finds out from P’s friend that she is pregnant and tells their parents.”

12. How will P’s parents react when they find out that their son’s girlfriend is pregnant? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Kick P out of the house
Say that they will find the money for A to have an abortion
Say they will force P to marry A as soon as possible
Say they will take care of the baby no matter what P decides to do with A
Refuse to answer

13. What do you think P should do about A’s pregnancy? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Encourage A to continue the pregnancy and keep the baby
End his relationship with A even if she decides to continue the pregnancy alone
Help A get money for an abortion, but leave her to deal with it alone
Accompany A to have the abortion
Refuse to answer

14. What do you think your friends would do if they ever were in this kind of situation? Pick the best option among the following:

Response Options:*
Continue the pregnancy and keep the baby
End the relationship with A and continue the pregnancy alone
Ask A for help getting money for an abortion, but deal with it alone
Ask A to accompany them to have the abortion
Refuse to answer

* Numeric codes for the Response Options above were not provided in the original questionnaire

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Belgium
Bolivia
Burkina Faso
China
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Ecuador
Egypt
India
Kenya
Malawi
Nigeria
South Africa
United Kingdom
United States of America
Vietnam

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Not Applicable

PRIMARY CITATION:

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and The World Health Organization. (2017). Global Early Adolescent Study Vignettes-Based Measure of Gender Equality. https://www.geastudy.org/geas-quantitative-measures

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

NO
Total Score: 0.00/10 Points (NO DATA) 

Citation Frequency

No

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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