The Pros and Cons of Bystander Action Scale (PCBAS)

The Pros and Cons of Bystander Action Scale (PCBAS) is a 10-item measure that aims to understand students’ perceptions of pros and cons of bystander action in situations related to relationship abuse and sexual assault.


ITEMS:

1. If I try to do something, I can keep someone from getting hurt.
2. It is important for student to be part of keeping everyone safe.
3. Students will think I’m cool if I help. 4. Helping could make people mad at me.
5. I could get physically hurt by helping.
6. I might get in trouble if I help.
7. People will think I’m trying to get involved in drama if I help.
8. Even if I don’t know the person, I can still help.
9. It might not be serious enough for me to help.
10. I might get made fun of for helping.

Response options range from 1 (disagree strongly) to 4 (agree strongly).

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents

Scoring Procedures:

Not Available

PRIMARY CITATION:

Edwards, K. M., Banyard, V. L., Sessarego, S. N., Stanley, L. R., Mitchell, K. J., Eckstein, R. P., Rodenhizer, K. A. E., & Leyva, P. C. (2018). Measurement tools to assess relationship abuse and sexual assault prevention program effectiveness among youth. Psychology of Violence, 8(5), 537-545. https://doi.org/10.1037/vio0000151

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 3.00/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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