Living Standards Measurement Survey 2016-2017 - Malawi: Time Use and Labor

The Time Use & Labor measure includes 39 items from the Fourth Integrated Malawi Household Survey 2016 - 2017. The items include questions pertaining to the time allocated for unpaid household work, exchange or free labor, short-term rural labor (known as Ganyu in Malawi), wage employment and other income-generating activities such as farming, livestock and non-agricultural businesses. The Household questionnaire for the survey is developed by the Malawi Government National Statistical Office to collect information about living conditions and identify the consequences for households of current and proposed government policies.

ITEMS:

1. How many hours did you spend yesterday collecting water?

Response Options:
____ Hours

2. How many hours did you spend yesterday collecting firewood (or other fuel materials)?

Response Options:
____ Hours

3. In the last 12 months, did you work on household farming activities even if only for one hour?
4. In the last 12 months, did you work on household livestock activities even if only for one hour?
5. In the last 12 months, did you work on household fishing activities even if only for one hour?
6. In the last 12 months, did you run a non-farm business of any size for yourself or the household, even if only for one hour?
7. In the last 12 months, did you help in any kind of non-farm business run by this household, even if only for one hour?
8. In the last 12 months, did you work as an employee for a wage, salary, commission, or any payment in kind: including doing paid apprenticeship, domestic work or paid farm work, excluding ganyu, even if only for one hour?
9. In the last 12 months, did you engage in any unpaid apprenticeship for anyone that is not a member of the household, even if only for one hour?
10. In the last 12 months, did you engage in casual, part-time or ganyu labour, even if only for one hour?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2

11. In what type of economic activity did you spend most of your time in the last 12 months:

Response Options:
Wage employment excluding ganyu - 1
Household business (non-ag) - 2
Unpaid household labor (agric) - 3
Unpaid apprenticeship - 4
Ganyu - 5

12. How many hours in the last seven days did you spend on household farming activities whether for sale or for household food?

Response Options:
____ Hours

13. List up to 5 crops that you worked on during the last 7 days, listed in accordance with importance (importance defined as value addition in terms of non-market (consumption) or market (commercial sales) terms).

List All Crops In Order Of Importance, Starting With The Most Important Crop. Importance Defined As Value Addition In Terms Of Non-Market (Consumption) Or Market (Commercial Sale) Terms.

14. In regards to the first crop listed in Item 13, are the products you worked on…

Response Options:
All intended for sale - 1
Some are intended to be sold and some kept for use or consumption by your family - 2
All are intended to be kept for use or consumption by your family - 3

15. In regards to the first crop listed in Item 13, is it intended to sell…

Response Options:
Less than 1/4 - 1
1/4 - 2
1/2 - 3
3/4 - 4
More than 3/4 - 5

16. In regards to the second crop listed in Item 13, are the products you worked on…

Response Options:
All intended for sale - 1
Some are intended to be sold and some kept for use or consumption by your family - 2
All are intended to be kept for use or consumption by your family - 3

17. In regards to the second crop listed in Item 13, is it intended to sell…

Response Options:
Less than 1/4 - 1
1/4 - 2
1/2 - 3
3/4 - 4
More than 3/4 - 5

18. In regards to the second crop listed in Item 13, In general, in the past have these products been mainly sold or mainly kept for family use or consumption?

Response Options:
Mainly sold - 1
Mainly kept for family use or consumption - 2

19. In regards to the third crop listed in Item 13, are the products you worked on…

Response Options:
All Intended For Sale - 1
Some are intended to be sold and some kept for use or consumption by your family - 2
All are intended to be kept for use or consumption by your family - 3

20. In regards to the third crop listed in Item 13, is it intended to sell…

Response Options:
Less than 1/4 - 1
1/4 - 2
1/2 - 3
3/4 - 4
More than 3/4 - 5

21. In regards to the third crop listed in Item 13, In general, in the past have these products been mainly sold or mainly kept for family use or consumption?

Response Options:
Mainly sold - 1
Mainly kept for family use or consumption - 2

22. In regards to the fourth crop listed in Item 13, are the products you worked on…

Response Options:
All intended for sale - 1
Some are intended to be sold and some kept for use or consumption by your family - 2
All are intended to be kept for use or consumption by your family - 3

23. In regards to the fifth crop listed in Item 13, is it intended to sell…

Response Options:
Less than 1/4 - 1
1/4 - 2
1/2 - 3
3/4 - 4
More than 3/4 - 5

24. In regards to the fourth crop listed in Item 13, In general, in the past have these products been mainly sold or mainly kept for family use or consumption?

Response Options:
Mainly sold - 1
Mainly kept for family use or consumption - 2

25. In regards to the fifth crop listed in Item 13, are the products you worked on…

Response Options:
All intended for sale - 1
Some are intended to be sold and some kept for use or consumption by your family - 2
All are intended to be kept for use or consumption by your family - 3

26. In regards to the fifth crop listed in Item 13, is it intended to sell…

Response Options:
Less than 1/4 - 1
1/4 - 2
1/2 - 3
3/4 - 4
More than 3/4 - 5

27. In regards to the fourth crop listed in Item 13, In general, in the past have these products been mainly sold or mainly kept for family use or consumption?

Response Options:
Mainly sold - 1
Mainly kept for family use or consumption - 2

28. How many hours in the last seven days did you spend on household livestock activities whether for sale or for household food?
29. How many hours in the last seven days did you spend on household fishing activities whether for sale or for household food?
30. How many hours in the last seven days did you run or do any kind of non-agricultural or non-fishing household business, big or small, for yourself?
31. How many hours in the last seven days did you help in any of the household’s non- agricultural or non-fishing household business, if any?
32. How many hours in the last seven days did you engage in casual, part-time or ganyu labour?
33. How many hours in the last seven days did you do any work for a wage, salary, commission, or any payment, excluding ganyu?
34. How many hours in the last seven days did you engage in an unpaid apprenticeship for anyone that is not a member of the household?

Response Options:
____ Hours

35. In what type of economic activity did you spend most of your time in the last 7 days:

Response Options:
Wage employment excluding ganyu - 1
Household business (non-ag) - 2
Unpaid household labor (agric) - 3
Unpaid apprenticeship - 4
Ganyu - 5

36. Even though you did not do any activities in the last seven days, do you have a job, business, or other economic or farming activity that you will return to? NOT GANYU.

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2

37. What is the main reason you did not work at this activity during the last seven days?

Response Options:
On leave - 1
Ill - 2
Business closed temporarily - 3
Not farming season - 4
Other __________ (specify) - 5

38. In the past four weeks have you taken any action to look for any kind of work or start any business/income generating activity?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2

39. If you were offered a wage job, would you be willing to accept it?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Malawi

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Not Applicable

PRIMARY CITATION:

Government of Malawi National Statistical Office (NSO). (2017). Fourth Integrated Household Survey 2016-2017 Household Questionnaire. https://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/2936/study-description

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

NO
Total Score: 0.00/10 Points (NO DATA) 

Citation Frequency

No

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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