Individual Community-Related Empowerment (ICRE) Scale

The Individual Community-Related Empowerment (ICRE) Scale is an 18-item measure of empowerment capturing the following five dimensions: self-efficacy (personal confidence in capacity to change one's community), intention (desire to engage with or for the community), participation (actual community involvement), motivation (beliefs surrounding community engagement), and critical awareness (perceived seriousness of community issues).


Geographies Tested: Estonia

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


Dimension 1. Self-efficacy
1. I have the knowledge and skills to influence the community
2. I have the ability to impact my community in important ways
3. I have confidence in my capabilities to make needed changes in my community
4. I am able to affect the area in which I live
5. I can influence community members to take actions on important issues
6. I have the knowledge and skills to gather information relevant to my community
7. I know I can make a difference in my community

Dimension 2. Intention
8. I want to get involved in my community
9. I am willing to get involved in my community
10. I am going to get involved in my community
11. I intend to take action in my community

Dimension 3. Participation
12. I participate in community activities
13. I am involved in my community
14. I volunteer for community projects

Dimension 4. Motivation
15. I think it is important for me to get involved in my community
16. I feel that efforts to address community issues are worthwhile
17. I am motivated to get involved in my community

Dimension 5. Critical awareness
18. I think that the problems in my community are serious

Response options:
Five point rating scale ranging from 1 = "strongly agree" (the most favorable perception) to 5= "strongly disagree" (the most unfavorable perception).

Scoring Procedures

Not Available

Original Citation

Kasmel, A., & Tanggaard, P. (2011). Evaluation of changes in individual community-related empowerment in community health promotion interventions in Estonia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 8(6), 1772-1791.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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