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Traditional Masculinity-Femininity (TMF) scale

The Traditional Masculinity-Femininity (TMF) scale is a 6 item measure of an individual’s own gender-role self-concept. The items cover three centralized aspects, namely, gender-role adoption, gender-role preference, and gender-role identity.

Categories

Geographies Tested: Germany

Populations Included: Female

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults

Items:

Each item is to be independently rated in terms of femininity and masculinity.

1. I consider myself as…
2. Ideally, I would like to be…
3. Traditionally, my interests would be considered as…
4. Traditionally, my attitudes and beliefs would be considered as…
5. Traditionally, my behavior would be considered as…
6. Traditionally, my outer appearance would be considered as…

Response Options:
Scales ranged from 1 (not at all masculine) to 7 (totally masculine) and from 1 (not at all feminine) to 7 (totally feminine).

Scoring Procedures

Not Available

Original Citation

Kachel, S., Steffens, M. C., & Niedlich, C. (2016). Traditional masculinity and femininity: Validation of a new scale assessing gender roles. Frontiers in psychology, 7, 956. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00956

Psychometric Score

Citation Frequency

Ease of Use Score

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

Reliability

Internal

Test-retest

Interrater

Validity

Content

Face

Criterion (gold-standard)

Construct

Ease of Use

Readability

Scoring Clarity

Length

KEY