Internalized Homophobia Scale

The Internalized Homophobia Scale is an 8-item measure of experiences of internalized homophobia. Internalized homophobia refers to beliefs that oneself deserves or should be stigmatized for being a sexual minority.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


We are interested in how you feel about the following statements. Read each statement carefully and indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statements

  1. Sometimes I wish I were not gay.
  2. Most of the time, I am glad to be gay.
  3. Sometimes I think that if I were straight, I would probably be happier.
  4. If there were a pill to make me straight I would take it.
  5. I have tried to stop being attracted to men.
  6. Sometimes I wish I could become more sexually attracted to women.
  7. I feel that being gay is a shortcoming for me.
  8. Sometimes I feel ashamed of my sexual orientation.

Response Options:
Strongly Disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Agree - 3
Strongly Agree - 4

Scoring Procedures

A scale score is derived by calculating the mean of the individual items, with higher scores indicating greater internalized homophobia.

Original Citation

Puckett, J. A., Newcomb, M. E., Ryan, D. T., Swann, G., Garofalo, R., & Mustanski, B. (2017). Internalized homophobia and perceived stigma: a validation study of stigma measures in a sample of young men who have sex with men. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 14(1), 1-16.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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