The Abusive Behavior Inventory - Revised (ABI-R)

The Abusive Behavior Inventory- Revised (ABI-R) is a 25-item measure of experiences of intimate partner violence. This inventory is a shortened version of the 30-item Abusive Behavior Index (Shepaard & Campbell, 1992). The items are separated into three subscales: physical violence (9 items), psychological abuse (13 items), and sexual abuse (3 items). Rather than typical arguments a couple may have, the ABI-R frames violence as effort to control one’s partner.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Female

Age Range: Adults


Instructions: Indicate how often a partner had committed specific abusive acts over the last 12 months

Subscale: Psychological Abuse

1.Called you a name andor criticized you
2.Gave you angry stares or looks
3.Put down your family and friends
4.Tried to keep you from doing something you wanted to do
5.Ended a discussion with you and made the decision himself
6.Accused you of paying too much attention
7.Checked up on you
8.Told you that you were a bad person
9.Said things to scare you
10.Prevented you from having money for your own use
11.Refused to do housework or child care
12.Became very upset with you because dinner
13.Made you do something humiliating or degrading

Subscale: Physical Abuse

14.Threatened to hit or throw something at you
15.Threw, hit, kicked, or smashed something
16.Threatened you with a knife, gun, or other weapon
17.Pushed, grabbed, or shoved you
18.Slapped, hit, or punched you
19.Threw you around
10.Choked or strangled you
11.Kicked you
22.Used a knife, gun, or other weapon against you

Subscale: Sexual Abuse

23.Pressed you to have sex
24.Physically forced you to have sex
25.Physically attacked the sexual parts of your body

Response Options:
5-point scale with answers ranging from 1 (never) to 5 (very often).

Scoring Procedures

Each item receives a score on a scale ranging from 1 to 5. Item values are summed to create a final score. Higher scores indicate more experiences of intimate partner violence.

Original Citation

Postmus, J. L., Stylianou, A. M., & McMahon, S. (2016). The abusive behavior inventory–revised. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 31(17), 2867-2888.

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Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

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Field Expert Input

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