Adolescent Empowerment Measure - Voice

The Adolescent Empowerment Measure-Voice is a 7-item scale designed to assess and compare the ability that young adolescents (10-14 years old) feel they have to use their voice in situations such as: asking questions, expressing an opinion, or speaking up when something is wrong. This measure was developed using data from the Global Early Adolescent Study (GEAS), a multi-context questionnaire designed to assess the ability for young people to expand their goals and aspirations in order to gain greater autonomy and achieve their goals.

High Psychometric Score Multi-Country

ITEMS:

How often are the following statements true for you?

  1. My parents or guardians ask for my opinion on things
  2. My parents or guardians listen when I share my opinion
  3. My friends ask my advice when they have a problem
  4. If I see something wrong in school or the neighborhood I feel I can tell someone and they will listen
  5. I can speak up in class when I have a comment or question
  6. I can speak up when I see someone else being hurt
  7. I can ask adults for help when I need it

Response Options:
Never/rarely - 0
Sometimes - 1
Often - 2
Don't know - 999
Refuse - 996

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Belgium
Bolivia
Burkina Faso
China
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Ecuador
Egypt
India
Indonesia
Kenya
Malawi
Nigeria
United Kingdom
United States of America
Vietnam

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Mean scores were calculated based on each set of scaled items, which ranged from 1 to 4. Scale-based mean scores were calculated, across scaled items, as the average of summed scores of items, which individually was weighted by its corresponding factor loading.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Zimmerman, L. A., Li, M., Moreau, C., Wilopo, S., & Blum, R. (2019). Measuring agency as a dimension of empowerment among young adolescents globally; findings from the Global Early Adolescent Study. SSM-population health, 8, 100454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100454

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 6.00/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

Low

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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