Attitudes Toward Roles and Rights of Women and Girls

The Attitudes Toward Roles and Rights of Women and Girls index is a 9-item self-reported measure of individual attitudes toward female gender roles and rights. The index captures various feminist and traditional gender roles and rights like rights to education and gender roles in the household.

Warning Flag

ITEMS:

1. A woman’s most important role is being a good homemaker.
2. A man should have the final word about decisions in his home.
3. A woman should tolerate violence to keep her family together.
4. Wives should be less educated than their husbands.
5. Boys should get more opportunities/ resources for education.
6. Men and women should get equal opportunities in all spheres of life.
7. Girls should be allowed to study as far as they want.
8. Daughters should have a similar right to inherited property as sons.
9. It would be a good idea to elect a woman as the village Sarpanch.

Response Options:
Strongly agree
Agree
Disagree
Strongly disagree

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

India

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Responses from parents and students to overlapping questions on their respective surveys are aggregated using a gender index. “Agree” or “Strongly agree” answers are coded as 0 if the item is opposed to gender equality (items 1-5), and are coded as 1 if the item is in favor of gender equality (items 6-9). “Disagree” or “Strongly disagree” answers are coded as 1 if the item is opposed to gender equality, and are coded as 0 if the item is in favor of gender equality. Scores from the nine items are averaged to create a gender index that ranges from 0 (less gender equitable views) to 1 (more gender equitable views).

PRIMARY CITATION:

Dhar, D., Jain, T., & Jayachandran, S. (2019). Intergenerational transmission of gender attitudes: Evidence from India. The Journal of Development Studies, 55(12), 2572-2592. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2018.1520214

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 3.50/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

High

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

Measure came from a peer-reviewed journal with a low impact score and/or inadequate information on psychometrics, but is an under-represented gender equality and empowerment construct

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