Paternalistic Chivalry Scale

Paternalistic Chivalry Scale is a 10-item measure of attitudes that are both courteous and considerate to women but place restrictions on behavior considered appropriate for women during courtship.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


1. It is up to the man to decide where the couple are to have their dinner date.
2. It is inappropriate for a woman to make sexual advances toward a man.
3. It is men, not women, who should make the first move to have sex.
4. A woman should not make it obvious that she wants to sleep with a man.
5. A woman should not kiss a man unless he has already kissed her.
6. It is up to a man to ask a woman out on date.
7. A man should make the first move to have sex.
8. It is inappropriate for a woman to kiss a man first during a date.
9. It is up to a man to initiate sexual contact with a woman.
10. It is not right for a woman to kiss a man first.

Response Options:
A 7-point Likert-type scale (1 = strongly disagree to 7 = strongly agree)

Scoring Procedures

The items from the paternalistic chivalry scale are averaged to provide a composite score for each participant.

Original Citation

Viki, G. T., Abrams, D., & Hutchison, P. (2003). The “true” romantic: Benevolent sexism and paternalistic chivalry. Sex Roles, 49(9/10), 533-537.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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