Global Barometer Survey Wave 2 (2011-2013): Participation in Elections

The Global Barometer Survey Wave 2: Participation in Elections measure uses 6 items related to an individual’s participation in elections from the Global Barometer Survey Wave 2, a global survey that aims to explore citizens’ attitudes toward democracy, governance and political reform. Voting in elections, attending campaign meetings or rallies, and persuading others to vote for a certain party are captured here. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire located here.


Geographies Tested: Algeria,Argentina,Azerbaijan,Bahrain,Bangladesh,Belarus,Benin,Bolivia,Botswana,Brazil,Burkina Faso,Burundi,Cambodia,Cameroon,Cape Verde,Chile,China,Colombia,Costa Rica,Cote d'Ivoire,Dominican Republic,Ecuador,Egypt,El Salvador,Ethiopia,Georgia,Ghana,Guatemala,Guinea,Honduras,India,Indonesia,Iraq,Japan,Jordan,Kazakhstan,Kenya,Korea, South,Kuwait,Kyrgyzstan,Lebanon,Lesotho,Liberia,Libya,Madagascar,Malawi,Malaysia,Mali,Mauritius,Mexico,Moldova,Mongolia,Morocco,Mozambique,Namibia,Nepal,Nicaragua,Niger,Nigeria,Pakistan,Panama,Paraguay,Peru,Philippines,Russia,Saudi Arabia,Senegal,Sierra Leone,Singapore,South Africa,Spain,Sri Lanka,Sudan,Swaziland,Taiwan,Tanzania,Thailand,Togo,Tunisia,Uganda,Ukraine,Uruguay,Venezuela,Vietnam,Yemen,Zambia,Zimbabwe

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults


1. In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they were away from home, they were sick or they just didn’t have time. How about you? Did you vote in the election [the most recent national election, parliamentary or presidential] held in [year]?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Not applicable - 0
Can’t choose - 8
Decline to answer - 9

2. Which parties (or candidates for president if it was presidential race) did you vote for?

Response Options:

_______ [Open ended response]

Thinking about the national election in [year], did you …

3. attend a campaign meeting or rally?
4. try to persuade others to vote for a certain candidate or party?
5. do anything else to help out or work for a party or candidate running in the election?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Not applicable - 0
Can’t choose - 8
Decline to answer - 9

6. On the whole, how would you rate the freeness and fairness of the last national election, held in [year]. Was it:

Response Options:
Completely free and fair - 1
Free and fair, but with minor problems - 2
Free and fair, with major problems - 3
Not free or fair - 4
Can’t choose - 8
Decline to answer - 9

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Global Barometer Surveys (2018). Global Barometer Survey of Democracy, Governance and Development.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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