Global Barometer Survey Wave 2 (2011-2013): Human Security

The Global Barometer Survey Wave 2: Human Security measure uses three items related to safety and security from the Global Barometer Survey Wave 2, a global survey that aims to explore citizens’ attitudes toward democracy, governance and political reform. Perceived safety in the place where they live, experience of accidents, theft, and violence are captured here. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire located here.


Geographies Tested: Algeria,Argentina,Armenia,Azerbaijan,Bahrain,Bangladesh,Belarus,Benin,Bolivia,Botswana,Brazil,Burkina Faso,Burundi,Cambodia,Cameroon,Cape Verde,Chile,China,Colombia,Costa Rica,Cote d'Ivoire,Dominican Republic,Ecuador,Egypt,El Salvador,Ethiopia,Georgia,Ghana,Guatemala,Guinea,Honduras,India,Indonesia,Iraq,Japan,Jordan,Kazakhstan,Kenya,Korea, South,Kuwait,Kyrgyzstan,Lebanon,Lesotho,Liberia,Libya,Madagascar,Malawi,Malaysia,Mali,Mauritius,Mexico,Moldova,Mongolia,Morocco,Mozambique,Namibia,Nepal,Nicaragua,Niger,Nigeria,Pakistan,Panama,Paraguay,Peru,Philippines,Russia,Saudi Arabia,Senegal,Sierra Leone,Singapore,South Africa,Spain,Sri Lanka,Sudan,Swaziland,Taiwan,Tanzania,Thailand,Togo,Tunisia,Uganda,Ukraine,Uruguay,Venezuela,Vietnam,Yemen,Zambia,Zimbabwe

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults


1. Generally speaking, how safe is living in this city townvillage – very safe, safe, unsafe or very unsafe?

Response Options:
Very safe - 1
Safe - 2
Unsafe - 3
Very unsafe - 4
Can’t choose - 8
Decline to answer - 9

2. Compared to the situation in this citytownvillage a few years ago, do you now feel more safe, less safe or the same as before?

Response Options:
More safe - 1
Less safe - 2
Same as before - 3
Not applicable - 0
Can’t choose - 8
Decline to answer - 9

3. In the past 12 months, have you or any member of your family been a victim of…

  • car, motorcycle or bicycle theft?
  • pick-pocketingrobbery of personal property?
  • break-in at your home?
  • physical violence?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Do Not own any kind of vehicle - 0
Can’t choose - 8
Decline to answer - 9

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Global Barometer Surveys (2018). Global Barometer Survey of Democracy, Governance and Development.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


Join the EMERGE Community

to get the latest updates on new measures and guidance for survey researchers