Gender Bias in Medical Education Scale (GBMES)

The Gender Bias in Medical Education Scale (GBMES) is a 10-item measure of medical students’ awareness of gender bias, beliefs that gender bias should be addressed, and experience of gender bias during medical education.


High Psychometric Score

ITEMS:

Awareness
1. I believe that medicine is male dominated.
2. Male bodies are treated as the default in medical education.
3. In anatomy textbooks, reproductive chapters have more images of females than males.
4. Medical studies are mainly done on males.

Beliefs
5. I believe educators should raise awareness of the risks of gender bias in medicine.
6. I believe educators should raise awareness of the risks of gender bias in anatomical textbooks.
7. I believe anatomy educators should challenge gender biased attitudes in the classroom.

Experience
8. I have seen evidence of gender bias in anatomy class activities.
9. I have encountered gender biased behaviors among other students.
10. I have encountered gender biased attitudes among other students.

Response Options:
Strongly disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Somewhat disagree - 3
Somewhat agree - 4
Agree - 5
Strongly agree - 6

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Australia

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Not Available

PRIMARY CITATION:

Parker, R. B., Parker, P. D., Larkin, T., & Cockburn, J. (2016). A psychometric evaluation of the Gender Bias in Medical Education Scale. BMC Medical Education, 16(1), 251. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-016-0774-2

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 5.50/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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