The Gender Bias in Medical Education Scale (GBMES) is a 10-item measure of medical students’ awareness of gender bias, beliefs that gender bias should be addressed, and experience of gender bias during medical education.
High Psychometric Score
1. I believe that medicine is male dominated.
2. Male bodies are treated as the default in medical education.
3. In anatomy textbooks, reproductive chapters have more images of females than males.
4. Medical studies are mainly done on males.
5. I believe educators should raise awareness of the risks of gender bias in medicine.
6. I believe educators should raise awareness of the risks of gender bias in anatomical textbooks.
7. I believe anatomy educators should challenge gender biased attitudes in the classroom.
8. I have seen evidence of gender bias in anatomy class activities.
9. I have encountered gender biased behaviors among other students.
10. I have encountered gender biased attitudes among other students.
Strongly disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Somewhat disagree - 3
Somewhat agree - 4
Agree - 5
Strongly agree - 6
Parker, R. B., Parker, P. D., Larkin, T., & Cockburn, J. (2016). A psychometric evaluation of the Gender Bias in Medical Education Scale. BMC Medical Education, 16(1), 251. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-016-0774-2
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing