World Values Survey Wave 6 2010-2012: Right to Employment

The Right to Employment measure includes 4 items from Wave 6 of the World Values Survey. The items deal with a women’s right to a job and job related considerations. In particular, items ask about the cost (if the family breadwinner) or benefit (i.e., independence) of being employed as a woman and whether women/immigrants are less entitled to a job than others during trying times.. The World Values Survey consists of nationally representative surveys conducted in almost 100 countries, and was developed to help scientists and policy makers understand global changes in individuals’ beliefs, values and motivations.


Geographies Tested: Albania,Algeria,Andorra,Angola,Antigua and Barbuda,Argentina,Armenia,Australia,Austria,Azerbaijan,Bangladesh,Barbados,Belarus,Belgium,Belize,Bhutan,Bolivia,Bosnia and Herzegovina,Botswana,Brazil,Bulgaria,Burkina Faso,Burundi,Cambodia,Cameroon,Canada,Chad,Chile,China,Colombia,Democratic Republic of the Congo,Costa Rica,Cote d'Ivoire,Croatia,Cuba,Cyprus,Czech Republic,Denmark,Dominican Republic,East Timor Timor-Leste,Ecuador,Egypt,El Salvador,Equatorial Guinea,Eritrea,Estonia,Ethiopia,Finland,France,Georgia,Germany,Ghana,Greece,Guatemala,Guinea,Guinea-Bissau,Guyana,Haiti,Honduras,Hungary,Iceland,India,Indonesia,Iran,Iraq,Ireland,Israel,Italy,Jamaica,Japan,Jordan,Kazakhstan,Kenya,Korea, North,Korea, South,Kuwait,Kyrgyzstan,Laos,Latvia,Lebanon,Lesotho,Liberia,Libya,Liechtenstein,Lithuania,Luxembourg,Macedonia,Madagascar,Malawi,Malaysia,Mali,Malta,Mauritius,Mexico,Moldova,Monaco,Mongolia,Morocco,Mozambique,Myanmar (Burma),Namibia,Nepal,Netherlands,New Zealand,Nicaragua,Niger,Nigeria,Norway,Oman,Pakistan,Panama,Papua New Guinea,Paraguay,Peru,Philippines,Poland,Portugal,Qatar,Romania,Russia,Rwanda,Saudi Arabia,Senegal,Serbia,Seychelles,Sierra Leone,Singapore,Slovakia,Slovenia,Somalia,South Africa,Spain,Sri Lanka,Sudan,Suriname,Sweden,Switzerland,Syria,Taiwan,Tajikistan,Tanzania,Thailand,The Gambia,Togo,Trinidad and Tobago,Tunisia,Turkey,Turkmenistan,Uganda,Ukraine,United Arab Emirates,United Kingdom,United States of America,Uruguay,Uzbekistan,Venezuela,Vietnam,Yemen,Zambia

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults


Do you agree, disagree or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? (Read out and code one answer for each statement):

1. When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women.
2. When jobs are scarce, employers should give priority to people of this country over immigrants.
3. If a woman earns more money than her husband, it’s almost certain to cause problems.
4. Having a job is the best way for a woman to be an independent person.

Response Options:
Agree - 1
Neither - 2
Disagree - 3

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Inglehart, R., C. Haerpfer, A. Moreno, C. Welzel, K. Kizilova, J. Diez-Medrano, M. Lagos, P. Norris, E. Ponarin & B. Puranen et al. (eds.). (2014). WVS 2010-2012 Wave, revised master, June 2012.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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