Woman's Participation in all Types of Groups and Women's Groups

Woman’s Participation in all Types of Groups and Women’s Groups includes 6 items which assess the respondent's participation in a variety of groups. This measure is adapted from the Ethiopia Farmer Innovation Fund Impact Evaluation (2012), Midline Survey (Women’s Module 6), which can be accessed here. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire located here.


Geographies Tested:

Populations Included: Female

Age Range:


 1. Do you participate in any groups, for example, business associations, farmer’s groups, credit groups?

Response Options:

 2. List the name of each group that the respondent belongs to on a separate line

Response Options:
[Open response]

 3. What type of group is it?

Response Options:
Trade or business association
Farmers’ group
Agricultural cooperative
Credit association microfinance
Informal savings group
Religious group
Youth group
Civiccommunity organization
Other (specify)

 4. How many members are in the group?
 5. How many members are female?
 6. How many hours per month do you spend on activities or meetings with this group?

Response Options:
[open numerical response]

Scoring Procedures

Woman’s participation in groups: the number of hours per month women spend participating in groups (based on responses to Q6).
Woman’s participation in mainly women’s groups: the number of hours per month women spend participating in groups (based on responses to Q6) a majority of whose members are female (based on responses to Q4 and Q5).

Original Citation

U. N. Foundation (2015). Women’s economic empowerment: A roadmap. Guidelines for monitoring and evaluating women’s economic empowerment programs. Appendix 1. Suggested questionnaire modules for measuring wee outcome indicators.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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