Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities 2016 Questionnaire A - Japan: Volunteer Activities

The Volunteer Activities measure includes 3 items from the 2016 Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities - Japan, to assess how one spends time outside of work and school, particularly in terms of household duties, educational pursuits, and leisure activities. In particular, respondents are asked how many days and minutes (on average) they spent on activities such as blood donations, disaster relief, child-focused school functions, and cleaning parks. They were also asked whether their engagement in volunteer activities stemmed from participation in an outside or neighborhood organization. Navigational aspects (i.e. next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire located here.


Geographies Tested: Japan

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults, Children


Instructions: Excludes activities undertaken as work. If the objective of your volunteer activity corresponds to multiple choices, please respond for all of the applicable activities below that you have carried out over the past year.

1. How much time over the year did you spend on volunteer activities?

  • Health or medical related activities (blood donation, visiting people in hospital, or promoting safe foodstuffs, etc.)
  • Activities for the elderly (assisting in daily life, or recreation, etc.)
  • Activities for handicapped (sign language, Braille, reading or helping the handicapped to go out, etc.)
  • Activities for children (taking care of children’s groups, child-raising support, or helping with school events, etc.)
  • Activities related to sports, culture, art and science (teaching sport, disseminating traditional Japanese culture, guiding at art museum, or running lecture meeting or symposium, etc.)
  • Local improvement activities (cleaning up parks and roads, planting flowers, or promoting the local community, etc.)
  • Safety promotion activities (disaster and crime prevention, or road safety, etc.)
  • Conservation or environmental activities (bird watching, protection of woods and forests, promoting recycling or waste reduction, etc.)
  • Disaster related activities (providing clothes and food, or hot meals for disaster victims, etc.)
  • Activities related to international cooperation (cooperation in foreign aid, assistance for displaced persons, or activities supporting foreigners living in Japan, etc.)
  • Other (promoting human rights, or pacifism, etc.)Please indicate either Yes or No

Response Options:
None at all - 0
1 to 4 days - 1
5 to 9 days - 2
10 to 19 days (1 day a month) - 3
20 to 39 days (2 or 3 days a month) - 4
40 to 99 days (1 day a week) - 5
100 to 199 days (2 to 3 days a week) - 6
200 days or more (4 days or more a week) - 7
Do now know how many days - 8

Instructions: Please fill out (2) and subsequent questions if you answered 1 or more days. [This is done for each activity in question 1 that the respondent reported participating in for at least 1 day in the past year excluding “Other”].

2. How many minutes a day did you work as a volunteer? Please indicate the average time length per day.

Response Options:
Three digit numeric ( _ _ _ minutes)

3. Did you do volunteer activities as a member of an organization? (Please [indicate] all appropriate categories)

Response Options:*
Yes, A group, citizen organization, etc. of volunteers
Yes, An NPO (non-profit organization)
Yes, A neighborhood association or similar, which is rooted in the local community
Yes, Other organization
I work as a volunteer without belonging to any organization.

* Numeric codes for the Response Options above were not provided in the original questionnaire.

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Statistics Bureau Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (2016). 2016 Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities Questionnaire A.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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