Multidimensional Aversion to Women Who Work Scale (MAWWWS)

Multidimensional Aversion to Women Who Work Scale (MAWWWS) is a 10-item measure of employment-related gender attitudes regarding women's role in the workplace. Items cover two subscales: employment skepticism and traditional role preference.


ITEMS:

Employment Skepticism
1. Women lack the skills and abilities needed at work.
2. Women are not suited for work outside of the home.
3. I am skeptical about women's effectiveness in the workplace.
4. Women's personal characteristics make life at work difficult.
5. Women frequently find the demands of work difficult.

Traditional Roles Preference
6. Traditional husbandwife roles are best.
7. Women are happier in traditional roles.
8. A woman's place is in the home.
9. An employed wife leads to juvenile delinquency.
10. Women with families do not have time for other employment.

Response Options:
Strongly agree - 1
Disagree - 2
Agree - 3
Strongly agree - 4

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adults

Scoring Procedures:

Item scores are averaged to create the total score from 1-4. Higher scores imply more traditional gender attitudes.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Valentine, S. (2001). Development of a brief Multidimensional Aversion to Women Who Work Scale. Sex Roles, 44(11/12), 773-787. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012206632272

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 5.00/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

MEDIUM

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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