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Multidimensional Aversion to Women Who Work Scale (MAWWWS)

Multidimensional Aversion to Women Who Work Scale (MAWWWS) is a 10-item measure of employment-related gender attitudes regarding women's role in the workplace. Items cover two subscales: employment skepticism and traditional role preference.

Categories

Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults

Items:

Employment Skepticism
1. Women lack the skills and abilities needed at work.
2. Women are not suited for work outside of the home.
3. I am skeptical about women's effectiveness in the workplace.
4. Women's personal characteristics make life at work difficult.
5. Women frequently find the demands of work difficult.

Traditional Roles Preference
6. Traditional husband/wife roles are best.
7. Women are happier in traditional roles.
8. A woman's place is in the home.
9. An employed wife leads to juvenile delinquency.
10. Women with families do not have time for other employment.

Response Options:
Strongly agree - 1
Disagree - 2
Agree - 3
Strongly agree - 4

Scoring Procedures

Item scores are averaged to create the total score from 1-4. Higher scores imply more traditional gender attitudes.

Original Citation

Valentine, S. (2001). Development of a brief Multidimensional Aversion to Women Who Work Scale. Sex Roles, 44(11/12), 773-787. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012206632272

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