Demographic and Health Survey Phase 8 (DHS-8): Employment and Wage Equality

The Demographic and Health Survey Phase 8 (DHS-8): Employment and Wage Equality includes 8 items from the Women's Questionnaire measuring an individual’s experience of employment. Different aspects captured include type of work performed, duration of employment, and gender pay gap in the household. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire located here.

Multi-Country

ITEMS:

 1. Aside from your own housework, have you done any work in the last 7 days?
 2. As you know, some women take up jobs for which they are paid in cash or kind. Others sell things, have a small business or work on the family farm or in the family business. In the last 7 days, have you done any of these things or any other work?
 3. Although you did not work in the last 7 days, do you have any job or business from which you were absent for leave, illness, vacation, maternity leave, or any other such reason?
 4. Have you done any work in the last 12 months?

Response Options:
Yes
No

 5. Do you do this work for a member of your family, for someone else, or are you self-employed?

Response Options:
For family member
For someone else
Self-employed

 6. Do you usually work throughout the year, or do you work seasonally, or only once in a while?

Response Options:
Throughout the year
Seasonally/part of the year
Once in a while

 7. Are you paid in cash or in kind for this work or are you not paid at all?

Response Options:
Cash only
Cash and kind
In kind only
Not paid

 8. Would you say that the money you earn is more than what your (husband/partner) earns, less than what he earns, or about the same?

Response Options:
More than him
Less than him
About the same
Husband/partner has no earnings
Don’t know

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Afghanistan
Angola
Burkina Faso
Cambodia
Cameroon
Cote d'Ivoire
Ethiopia
Ghana
Guatemala
Guinea
Kenya
Madagascar
Mozambique
Myanmar (Burma)
Nepal
Rwanda
Senegal
The Gambia
Zimbabwe

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Not Applicable

PRIMARY CITATION:

Demographic and Health Surveys (2019). Demographic and Health Surveys: Women's Questionnaire. https://dhsprogram.com/publications/publication-DHSQ8-DHS-Questionnaires-and-Manuals.cfm

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

NO
Total Score: 0.00/10 Points (NO DATA) 

Citation Frequency

No

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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