Hoffman Gender Scale-Male

The Hoffman Gender Scale-Male is a 14-item measure of gender self-confidence. Items are divided into 2 subscales: Gender Self-Definition and Gender Self-Acceptance.


Warning Flag

ITEMS:

Gender Self-Definition
1. When I am asked to describe myself, being male is one of the first things I think of.
2. My perception of myself is positively associated with my biological sex.
3. I define myself largely in terms of my masculinity.
4. My identity is strongly tied to my masculinity.
5. Being a male is a critical part of how I view myself.
6. Masculinity is an important aspect of my self-concept.
7. Being a male contributes a great deal to my sense of confidence.

Gender Self-Acceptance
8. I am confident in my masculinity.
9. I meet my personal standards for masculinity.
10. I am secure in my masculinity.
11. I have a high regard for myself as a male.
12. I am happy with myself as a male.
13. I am very comfortable being a male.
14. My sense of myself as a male is positive.

Response Options:
Strongly disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Somewhat agree - 3
Tend to agree - 4
Agree - 5
Strongly agree - 6

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

Scoring Procedures:

The mean of all item scores is calculated for each subscale score. Higher scores on the Gender Self-Definition subscale correspond to attributing a greater deal of importance to masculinity as part of their identity. Higher scores on the Gender Self-Acceptance scale correspond to more acceptance of themselves as male without necessarily strongly defining themselves in terms of their notions of masculinity.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Hoffman, R. M., Borders, L. D., & Hattie, J. A. (2000). Reconceptualizing femininity and masculinity: From gender roles to gender self-confidence. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 15(4), 475-503.

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 5.00/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

Measure came from a peer-reviewed journal with a low impact score and/or inadequate information on psychometrics, but is an under-represented gender equality and empowerment construct

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