The Hoffman Gender Scale-Male is a 14-item measure of gender self-confidence. Items are divided into 2 subscales: Gender Self-Definition and Gender Self-Acceptance.
Strongly disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Somewhat agree - 3
Tend to agree - 4
Agree - 5
Strongly agree - 6
The mean of all item scores is calculated for each subscale score. Higher scores on the Gender Self-Definition subscale correspond to attributing a greater deal of importance to masculinity as part of their identity. Higher scores on the Gender Self-Acceptance scale correspond to more acceptance of themselves as male without necessarily strongly defining themselves in terms of their notions of masculinity.
Hoffman, R. M., Borders, L. D., & Hattie, J. A. (2000). Reconceptualizing femininity and masculinity: From gender roles to gender self-confidence. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 15(4), 475-503.
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing
Measure came from a peer-reviewed journal with a low impact score and/or inadequate information on psychometrics, but is an under-represented gender equality and empowerment construct