Participation in Collective Action to address Violence Against Women

Participation in Collective Action to address Violence Against Women is a 27-item scale measuring participation in collective action to address violence against women. It measures three proposed constructs of participation - perceived legitimacy, perceived efficacy, and collective action norms.


High Psychometric Score Warning Flag

ITEMS:

Perceived Legitimacy

Concern about violence against women
1. Violence against women is common in your community

Response Options:
Generally agree
Generally disagree
Don't know

2. Violence against women is a serious issue for your community

Response Options:
Yes
No
Don't know

3. How often are women and girls harassed by men in your community

Response Options:
Everyday
Sometimes
Rarely
Never

Acceptability of male power and control
4. It is important for a man to show his wife who is the boss
5. It's a wife's obligation to have sex with her husband even if she doesn't feel like it
6. Men should take control in relationships and be the head of the household
7. It's good for a woman to be a little afraid of her partner

Acceptability of intervening in violence
8. If a husband mistreats his wife, others outside the family should intervene
9. Family problems should only be discussed with people in the family
10. Domestic violence is a private matter to be handled in the family
11. Violence against women is a private matter between those directly affected

Response Options:
Generally agree
Generally disagree
Don't know

Perceived Efficacy

Perceived efficacy to achieve outcomes
12. In your neighborhood, you can stop domestic violence
13. By working together, you can persuade the police to take action against domestic violence.
14. Together, you can persuade families to support women facing domestic violence.

Response Options:
Generally agree
Generally disagree
Don't know

Perceived efficacy of interventions
Do you think the following activities are effective in stopping violence against women…
15. Group meetings and discussions
16. Marches, rallies or street theatre
17. Sit-ins, blockages or strikes

Response Options:
Generally effective
Generally ineffective
Don't know

Perceived personal efficacy
18. A group of men would listen to you if you confronted them about their sexist behaviour
19. You can help prevent violence against women in your community
20. You feel that your personal efforts can make a difference in reducing violence against women

Response Options:
Generally agree
Generally disagree
Don't know

Collective Action Norms

Perceived community norms
21. People in your neighbourhood approve of you joining activities to stop violence against women
22. People in your neighbourhood would mock you for joining activities to stop violence against women
23. You would be embarrassed to say in public that you work to prevent violence against women

Perceived family norms
24. Your family members approve of you joining activities to stop violence against women
25. Your family members consider activities to stop violence against women opposed to their own values
26. Your family members consider spending one hour a week to stop violence against women a waste of your time
27. Your family members consider activities to stop violence against women prestigious work

Response Options:
Generally agree
Generally disagree
Don't know

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

India

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male
Transgender

AGE RANGE:
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Not Available

PRIMARY CITATION:

Gram, L., Kanougiya, S., Daruwalla, N., & Osrin, D. (2020). Measuring the psychological drivers of participation in collective action to address violence against women in Mumbai, India. Wellcome Open Research, 5, 22. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15707.2

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 6.50/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

Measure came from a peer-reviewed journal with a low impact score and/or inadequate information on psychometrics, but is an under-represented gender equality and empowerment construct

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