Gender Role Norms for Men and Women

The ReNew (Sri Lanka) survey includes a measure of gender role norms for men and women. This measure uses a single item from the survey and focuses on an an individual’s perception of attitudes about gender norms within one’s neighborhood. Different aspects of gender norm attitudes captured in the measure include communication between spouses and gender-based violence. Items are asked at baseline before the implementation of the ReNew project and again in the final two months of the program.


Geographies Tested: Sri Lanka

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults


1. Now I am going read out some attitudes prevalent in our society towards men and women. Could you please tell me, to what extent such attitudes exist among the people in your neighbourhood?

  • A man who helps his wife in household chores, will be laughed at and referred to as a ‘weak man’ by his friends and family.
  • A man who is not tough enough does not command respect at home.
  • A man who does not drink at least once in a while is perceived as ‘not manly enough’ by his friends.
  • A man who beats his wife has no place in his neighbourhood.
  • During an argument, a man who listens to his wife’s point of view, is considered as being ’not manly enough’ by his neighbours and relatives.
  • A woman who talks back at her husband earns a bad reputation among relatives.
  • Relatives won’t appreciate it if the woman complains about her husband’s violent behaviour.

Response Options:
Great extent - 1
To some extent - 2
Does not exist - 3
Do not know - 4

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

CARE International Sri Lanka. (2016). Redefining Norms to Empower Women: Experiences and Lessons Learned.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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