The Access to Essential Goods and Amenities, Mobility, and Psychological Fortitude measure includes 20 items that ask women about the availability of basic commodities, their physical mobility, agency, and self-perceptions. This measure was included as part of The Status of Women Survey, which aims to capture individual experiences of empowerment after participation in a microcredit program. The survey was conducted by the Asian Development Bank in 2006.
1. When you want or need to buy things like food or clothing for yourself or your family, which of the following answers best describes your situation after joining the program for the last 4 years? Response Options:* No answer You have your own money so can usually buy what you need You occasionally have to get the money from your husband or someone else in the household You always have to get the money from your husband or someone else in the household Don’t know Not applicable How do you feel about the following statements: 2. Food Response Options:* No answer Less in quantity Same as before [microcredit program participation] More in quantity Better quality of food Not applicable 3. Clothing Response Options:* No answer Same as before [microcredit program participation] Worst than before, can’t buy now when needed Can now buy when needed Can now buy when I want even if not needed Not applicable 4. Medical Care Response Options:* No answer Same as before [microcredit program participation] Have to look now for money when somebody got sick/during emergency Can now have savings/cash for emergency needs Not specify Don’t know Not applicable 5. Provision of educational expenses Response Options:* No answer Same as before Doesn’t now have the capacity to send all my children to school Doesn’t now have the capacity to send some of my children to school Can now confident that I can send my children to school/college Can have savings for my children’s education No more students Not applicable 6. Home improvements Response Options:* No answer Same as before Doesn’t have money now to even fix the house Can now have savings to repair the house Can now buy household appliances Not specify Not applicable 7. Use of time Response Options:* No answer Same as before Spend more time for business and less time for household chores Spend more time for business as well as for household chores Spend more time for family and leisure Spend less time for family and leisure Not specify Not applicable 8. Ownership of assets Response Options:* No answer Same as before Owned more assets than before Owned less assets than before Not specify Not applicable 9. Physical Mobility Response Options:* No answer Same as before Has more freedom to move Has less freedom to move Not specify Not applicable 10. Perception of one’s status Response Options:* No answer Same as before Feel more empowered Feel less empowered Not applicable 11. Training needs Response Options:* No answer Does not need training Need to acquire business skills Need to acquire marketing skills Need to acquire financial skills Need to acquire negotiating skills Need livelihood trainings Not applicable 12. My role in performing HH chores 13. The care of children 14. I’m now capable of using my income 15. I still have less control 16. I now have a greater say 17. I am now more active 18. I now have greater self-confidence 19. I now understand the division of work 20. I now understand that my role may differ Response Options:* No answer Strongly agree Agree Disagree Strongly disagree Don’t know Not applicable * Numeric codes for the Response Options above were not provided in the original report.
Asian Development Bank. (2007). Effect of Microfinance Operations on Poor Rural Households and the Status of Women. https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/evaluation-document/35432/files/sst-reg-2007-19.pdf
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing