Attribution of Rape Blame Scale

Attribution of Rape Blame Scale is a 20-item measure to examine the attitudes of mental health professionals regarding rape. The measure covers four dimensions of attribution of rape blame: Societal Blame, Victim Blame, Assailant Blame, and Sociological Status Blame.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults


1. There is a strong connection between the current morality and the crime of rape.
2. The amount of sex and violence in the media today strongly influences the rapist to commit rape.
3. When a rape occurs, it is the rapist's fault.
4. There is a strong relationship between women being regarded as sex objects by our society and the crime of rape.
5. The prevalence of rape is directly related to our societal values.
6. A man who commits rape should be locked up for his act.
7. Most rapists are "mentally ill" or psychologically disturbed.
8. Rape can be mainly attributed to peculiarities in the rapist's personality.
9. Women entice men to rape them.
10. Rape is a product of a sexually unhealthy society.
11. Women provoke their own rape by using bad judgment, acting seductively, etc.
12. The rape victim gets raped because she deserved it.
13. Women who get raped set themselves up to be raped.
14. A woman can avoid being raped by staying out of dangerous situations.
15. Alcohol and drugs are significant factors in the occurrence of rape.
16. Poorly lighted areas (i.e., dark alleys) contribute significantly to the occurrence of rape.
17. There is a certain kind of woman who gets raped.
18. Rape is more likely to occur in slum or "bad" areas.
19. Rapists are driven to rape by internal factors.
20. Hitchhiking by women increases the likelihood that they will be raped.

Response Options:
6-point Likert scale
Strongly disagree - 1
Strongly agree - 6

Scoring Procedures

Not Available

Original Citation

Resick, P. A., & Jackson, T. L. (1981). Attitudes toward rape among mental health professionals. American Journal of Community Psychology, 9(4), 481-490.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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