Multicultural Masculinity Ideology Scale

The Multicultural Masculinity Ideology Scale is a 35-item self-report measure of individual beliefs associated with masculinity ideologies, validated using data from Chilean, Anglo-American, and African-American males. Different aspects of masculinity ideologies captured by the scale include beliefs regarding normative sexual behaviors, self-confidence and achievement, and expressing emotion.

High Psychometric Score

ITEMS:

1. Guys should be courteous to women.
2. A guy should let people know how he feels.
3. A guy should not have male friends who are homosexual.
4. A guy should prove his masculinity by having sex with a lot of people.
5. Guys should not try to solve problems by fighting.
6. Providing for his family should be a man’s main goal in life.
7. Male friends should not show affection to each other.
8. A guy should look for a date who has a good personality rather than one who is really good looking.
9. Guys should have a positive attitude towards life and not let things get them down.
10. A guy should be confident in everything he does.
11. In a relationship, guys should have sexual intercourse as often as possible.
12. To be a guy, you’ve got to be tough.
13. Strong anger is a natural emotion for a guy to show.
14. A guy should have long-term goals for his life. 15. A guy should not show affection to those he loves.
16. A guy should put his best effort into every part of his life.
17. Courage should not be a necessary part of being a guy.
18. Being a virgin should not be an embarrassment to a guy.
19. Even if a guy is not rich, he should try to look that way.
20. A guy should always have a woman he is dating.
21. Guys should not cry even when something really bad happens.
22. A guy doesn’t have to be aggressive to get what he wants out of life.
23. In a relationship, guys should have sexual intercourse before having oral sex.
24. A man should not always have to protect his family. 25. The best way a man can care for his family is to get the highest paying job he can.
26. Guys should be competitive.
27. A guy should have sexual intercourse only in emotionally committed relationships.
28. Even when things get really difficult, a guy should keep trying.
29. A guy should not look for danger just for the thrill of it.
30. Being athletic or good at a sport should be important for a guy.
31. A guy should have sexual intercourse as early as he can in his life.
32. Showing emotion is not a sign of weakness in a guy.
33. A guy should take risks to reach his goals. 34. For a guy, sexual intercourse should not be the goal of making out.
35. A guy should be independent and not get too attached to others.

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Strongly disagree - 1
Strongly agree - 5

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

The MMIS is scored as 7 separate sub-scales that are created using a sub-set of items for a particular sample population (Chilean, Anglo-American, African-American) based on etic and emic components. Items are coded to reflect more masculine attitudes, however, items that are reverse coded are marked with an *. Items within each sub-scale are averaged to create the final score.

Etic Component 1: Hypermasculine Posturing-used with all 3 samples
Items: 3, 4, 5*, 11, 12, 13, 15, 19, 20, 21, 25, 30, 31

Etic Component 2: Achievement-used with all 3 samples
Items: 9, 10, 14, 16, 24*, 26, 28, 33

Chilean Emic Component 1: Toughness
Items: 5*, 6, 12, 13, 17*, 21, 23*, 25

Chilean Emic Component 2: Pose
Items: 4, 15, 19, 24, 32*

Chilean Emic Component 3: Responsibility
Items: 8, 14, 27, 29, 34

Anglo-American Emic Component: Sensitivity
Items: 2, 5, 15*, 22, 29, 35*

African-American Emic Component: Sexual Responsibility
Items: 22, 23, 27, 34

PRIMARY CITATION:

Doss, B. D., & Hopkins, J. R. (1998). The multicultural masculinity ideology scale: Validation from three cultural perspectives. Sex Roles, 38(9-10), 719-741. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018816929544

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-Retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 6.50/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

High

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

You have successfully registered

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

EMERGE will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.